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Plumbago europaea L. is the main source of plumbagin which is a well-known pharmacological active compound. In the present investigation, genetically transformed roots of P. europaea were obtained by improving some factors affecting the efficiency of Agrobacterium rhizoigenes mediated transformation such as explant type, A. rhizoigenes strain, bacterial infection period, co-cultivation period and acetosyringone concentration. The leaf, hypocotyl and stem explants from in vitro grown plantlets were infected with bacterial strains (A4, ATCC15834, MSU440 and A13). The highest transformation rate of 69.3% was achieved after 7-9 days by inoculating A. rhizogenes MSU440 strain onto the 3-week-old stem explants followed by a co-cultivation period of 2 days on a medium containing 100 μM acetosyringone. To investigate the existence of the rolB gene, polymerase chain reaction was carried out using specific primers. Effects of growth media (MS, 1/2 MS, MS-B5 and ½ MS-B5), different sucrose concentrations and illumination on biomass production and plumbagin biosynthesis in P. europaea hairy root cultures were analyzed using stem explants after infection with MSU440 strain. ½ MS-B5 liquid medium containing 30 g L sucrose incubated in the dark resulted in the efficient biomass production of transformed hairy roots (12.5 g fresh weight, 1.8 g dry weight) with 3.2 mg g DW plumbagin accumulation. This procedure provides a framework for large-scale cultivation of hairy roots for plumbagin production. This is the first report describing the establishment of P. europaea hairy root culture with special emphasis on plumbagin production. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biotechnology progress
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Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
A technique for maintaining or growing CELLS in vitro. Cultures of dispersed cells derived directly from fresh TISSUES are called primary cell cultures. Cultures may also derive from established CELL LINE usually stored frozen.
Hormonally active polypeptides that can induce the transformed phenotype when added to normal, non-transformed cells. They have been found in culture fluids from retrovirally transformed cells and in tumor-derived cells as well as in non-neoplastic sources. Their transforming activities are due to the simultaneous action of two otherwise unrelated factors, TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR ALPHA and TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR BETA.
An extracellular matrix glycoprotein from platelets and a variety of normal and transformed cells of both mesenchymal and epithelial origin. Thrombospondin-1 is believed to play a role in cell migration and proliferation, during embryogenesis and wound repair. Also, it has been studied for its use as a potential regulator of tumor growth and metastasis.
Immunized T-lymphocytes which can directly destroy appropriate target cells. These cytotoxic lymphocytes may be generated in vitro in mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLC), in vivo during a graft-versus-host (GVH) reaction, or after immunization with an allograft, tumor cell or virally transformed or chemically modified target cell. The lytic phenomenon is sometimes referred to as cell-mediated lympholysis (CML). These CD8-positive cells are distinct from NATURAL KILLER CELLS and NATURAL KILLER T-CELLS. There are two effector phenotypes: TC1 and TC2.
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Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) uses the ability of DNA polymerase (enzymes that create DNA molecules by assembling nucleotides, the building blocks of DNA. These enzymes are essential to DNA replication and usually work in pairs to create two ident...