Topics

Bourdieu, networks, and movements: Using the concepts of habitus, field and capital to understand a network analysis of gender differences in undergraduate physics.

08:00 EDT 12th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Bourdieu, networks, and movements: Using the concepts of habitus, field and capital to understand a network analysis of gender differences in undergraduate physics."

Current trends suggest that significant gender disparities exist within Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education at university, with female students being underrepresented in physics, but more equally represented in life sciences (e.g., biology, medicine). To understand these trends, it is important to consider the context in which students make decisions about which university courses to enrol in. The current study seeks to investigate gender differences in STEM through a unique approach that combines network analysis of student enrollment data with an interpretive lens based on the sociological theory of Pierre Bourdieu. We generate a network of courses taken by around 9000 undergraduate physics students (from 2009 to 2014) to quantify Bourdieu's concept of field. We identify the fields in which physics students participate by constructing a weighted co-enrollment network and finding communities within it. We then use odds ratios to report gender differences in transverse movements between different academic fields, and non-parametric tests to assess gender differences in vertical movements (changes in students' achievement rankings within a field). Odds ratios comparing the likelihood of progression from one field to another indicate that female students were more likely to make transverse movements into life science fields. We also found that university physics did a poor job in attracting high achieving students, and especially high achieving female students. Of the students who did choose to study physics at university, low and middle achieving female high school students were more likely to decrease their relative rank in their first year compared to their male counterparts. Low achieving female students were also less likely to continue with physics after their first year compared to their male counterparts. Results and implications are discussed in the context of Bourdieu's theory, and previous research. We argue that in order to remove constraints on female students' study choices, the field of physics needs to provide a culture in which all students feel like they belong.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0222357

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [9243 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

LIMPRINT: A Sociological Perspective on "Chronic Edema".

Chronic edema is a condition that is biologically complex, distressing for patients and sociopolitically weak. Like many other complex and chronic conditions, it has a low status within health care. T...

Understanding consumers' perception and consumption motives towards amaranth in Mexico using the Pierre Bourdieu's theoretical concept of Habitus.

The aim of this work was to study, from a sociological approach, the perception and consumption motives of amaranth in Mexico using Pierre Bourdieu's theoretical concept of Habitus. A survey was condu...

Building Disaster Resilience with Social Messaging Networks: WeChat community in Houston during Hurricane Harvey.

Research on disaster resilience has increasingly focused on the role of social capital and online social networks in disaster recovery. This study complements this field of research by investigating t...

Connecting directional limb movements to vowel fronting and backing.

It has been shown recently that when participants are required to pronounce a vowel at the same time with the hand movement, the vocal and manual responses are facilitated when a front vowel is produc...

The bridging and bonding structures of place-centric networks: Evidence from a developing country.

Social capital has long been associated with opportunities of access to valuable resources that individuals, groups, communities, and places can extract from the social structure emerging from their i...

Clinical Trials [2314 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Montreal Neighbourhood Networks and Healthy Aging Panel

Social networks, social capital, i.e., network-accessed resources, and neighbourhood environments have been shown associated with a range of health behaviours and conditions, including obe...

Social Capital and Engagement in Care Among Young Black Men Who Have Sex With Men Living With HIV

The study is a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the social capital intervention versus a general health promotion intervention (Health for Life; H4L) among groups of Young black men...

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis Treatment

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis represents approximately 10.8 cases per 100,000 children. The primary source for the blood supply of the head of the femur is the deep branch of the media...

Ultrasonographic Identification of the Proximal Humerus Landmarks for Intra-Osseous Vascular Access Across Different Body Habitus

Evaluate whether discrete landmarks of the proximal humerus can be identified using ultrasound in patients with various body habitus and BMI.

Can Habitus Adapted Length Based Body Weight Estimation be Improved by Adding Further Parameters?

The purpose of this prospective single center study is to investigate if the accuracy of length based body weight estimation by the already investigated algorithm (CLAWAR) can be improved ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Networks of nerve cells that control the firing patterns of MOTOR NEURONS to produce rhythmic movements such as MASTICATION; WALKING; SWIMMING; RESPIRATION; and PERISTALSIS.

Structured vocabularies describing concepts from the fields of biology and relationships between concepts.

The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.

Incoordination of voluntary movements that occur as a manifestation of CEREBELLAR DISEASES. Characteristic features include a tendency for limb movements to overshoot or undershoot a target (dysmetria), a tremor that occurs during attempted movements (intention TREMOR), impaired force and rhythm of diadochokinesis (rapidly alternating movements), and GAIT ATAXIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p90)

Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Bioscience
Bioscience - any of the sciences that deal with living organisms.  The study of the nature, behavior, and uses of living organisms as applied to biology. Any of the branches of natural science dealing with living things, such as their structure, b...


Searches Linking to this Article