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The emergence of E.coli strains displaying patterns of virulence genes from different pathotypes shows that the current classification of E.coli pathotypes may be not enough, the study aimed to compare the phylogenetic groups and urovirulence genes of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) and diarrheagenic E.coli (DEC) strains to extend the knowledge of E.coli classification into different pathotypes. A total of 173 UPEC and DEC strains were examined for phylogenetic typing and urovirulence genes by PCR amplifications. In contrast to most reports, phylogenetic group A was the most prevalent in both UPEC and DEC strains, followed by B2 group. Amplification assays revealed that 89.32% and 94.29% of UPEC and DEC strains, respectively, carried at least one of the urovirulence genes, 49.5% and 31.4% of UPEC and DEC strains, respectively, carried ≥ 2 of the urovirulence genes, fim H gene was the most prevalent (66.9% and 91.4%) in UPEC and DEC strains respectively. Twenty different patterns of virulence genes were identified in UPEC while 5 different patterns in DEC strains. Strains with combined virulence patterns of four or five genes were belonged to phylogenetic group B2. Our finding showed a closer relationship between the DEC and UPEC, so raised the suggestion that some DEC strains might be potential uropathogens. These findings also provide different insights into the phylogenetic classification of E. coli as pathogenic or commensals where group A can be an important pathogenic type as well as into the classification as intestinal or extra- intestinal virulence factors.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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Strains of ESCHERICHIA COLI that are a subgroup of SHIGA-TOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI. They cause non-bloody and bloody DIARRHEA; HEMOLYTIC UREMIC SYNDROME; and hemorrhagic COLITIS. An important member of this subgroup is ESCHERICHIA COLI O157-H7.
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