Individualized pattern recognition for detecting mind wandering from EEG during live lectures.

08:00 EDT 12th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Individualized pattern recognition for detecting mind wandering from EEG during live lectures."

The ability to detect mind wandering as it occurs is an important step towards improving our understanding of this phenomenon and studying its effects on learning and performance. Current detection methods typically rely on observable behaviour in laboratory settings, which do not capture the underlying neural processes and may not translate well into real-world settings. We address both of these issues by recording electroencephalography (EEG) simultaneously from 15 participants during live lectures on research in orthopedic surgery. We performed traditional group-level analysis and found neural correlates of mind wandering during live lectures that are similar to those found in some laboratory studies, including a decrease in occipitoparietal alpha power and frontal, temporal, and occipital beta power. However, individual-level analysis of these same data revealed that patterns of brain activity associated with mind wandering were more broadly distributed and highly individualized than revealed in the group-level analysis.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0222276


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [7192 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Off-track thoughts: Intentional and unintentional mind wandering in Alzheimer's disease.

Despite the recent upsurge of interest in mind wandering (i.e. the occurrence of task-unrelated and stimulus-independent thoughts), little research has attempted to evaluate mind wandering in Alzheime...

Mind wandering in schizophrenia: A thought-sampling study.

Mind wandering has consistently been associated with impairments in cognition, emotion and daily performance. However, few experimental studies on mind wandering have been conducted in individuals wit...

Using ecological momentary assessments to evaluate extant measures of mind wandering.

Mind wandering is a commonly experienced phenomenon. Although self-report measures are available to assess these attentional lapses, examination of their correspondence with the reported frequency of ...

Is There a Positive Association Between Working Memory Capacity and Mind Wandering in a Low-Demand Breathing Task? A Preregistered Replication of a Study by Levinson, Smallwood, and Davidson (2012).

Levinson, Smallwood, and Davidson (2012, Experiment 2) found that working memory capacity (WMC) correlated positively with mind-wandering rates measured by thought probes in a breath-awareness task bu...

For a minute, there I lost myself … dosage dependent increases in mind wandering via prefrontal tDCS.

Allowing our mind's eye to wander to task unrelated thoughts can impact productivity and, in many everyday settings, safety. However, the drifting of our thoughts from our current task(s)/situation to...

Clinical Trials [3011 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Health Education and Lifestyle Training in Older Adults

The investigators conducted a mindfulness training intervention in older adults aimed at examining the effects of brief mindfulness training on mind wandering as well as the cognitive and ...

Comparison of Pattern Recognition Control and Direct Control in TMR

Targeted Muscle Reinnervation increases the control signals available for commercial arm systems. A new type of control, pattern recognition, has been developed into a form that allows use...

Randomized Feasibility Trial of Mind My Mind

In this feasibility RCT of the modular and flexible cognitive and behavioural therapy (Mind My Mind, MMM) compared with treatment as usual, the overall research aim was to explore the tria...

VR Mind and VR Mind+ Intervention

The aim of the study is to assess the safety and efficacy of VR Mind and VR Mind + interventions.

Study to Demonstrate That Muscle Pattern Recognition (MPR) is an Effective Evaluation Tool for Musculoskeletal Neck or Back Pain

The investigators hypothesize that non able-bodied participants with reported acute, sub-acute, or chronic symptoms of neck or back pain of a musculoskeletal origin will have magnetic reso...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The analysis of a critical number of sensory stimuli or facts (the pattern) by physiological processes such as vision (PATTERN RECOGNITION, VISUAL), touch, or hearing.

Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.

Pathogens' molecules with specific sequence patterns that are recognized by PATTERN RECOGNITION RECEPTORS. They include microbial DNA, double-stranded RNA, surface glycoproteins, lipopolysaccharides, peptidoglycans, and lipoteichoic acid.

A family of pattern recognition receptors characterized by an extracellular leucine-rich domain and a cytoplasmic domain that share homology with the INTERLEUKIN 1 RECEPTOR and the DROSOPHILA toll protein. Following pathogen recognition, toll-like receptors recruit and activate a variety of SIGNAL TRANSDUCING ADAPTOR PROTEINS.

A method of differentiating individuals based on the analysis of qualitative or quantitative biological traits or patterns. This process which has applications in forensics and identity theft prevention includes DNA profiles or DNA fingerprints, hand fingerprints, automated facial recognition, iris scan, hand geometry, retinal scan, vascular patterns, automated voice pattern recognition, and ultrasound of fingers.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Arthroplasty Joint Disorders Orthopedics Spinal Cord Disorders Orthopedics is the science or practice of correcting deformities caused by disease or damage to the bones and joints of the skeleton. This specialized branch of surgery may ...

Surgical treatments
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...

Searches Linking to this Article