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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy of vacuum sealing drainage combined with Ilizarov bone transport technique in the treatment of tibial traumatic osteomyelitis and risk factors for postoperative pin infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS We enrolled 78 patients with tibial traumatic osteomyelitis admitted at the First People's Hospital of Kashgar from January 2015 to September 2017 and treated with vacuum sealing drainage combined with Ilizarov bone transport technique. RESULTS After combined treatment, SAS and SDS scores decreased significantly, while SF-36 scores increased significantly. Comparisons showed that there were significant differences in the scores of patients after treatment (P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that there were no significant differences in gender, BMI, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, COPD, smoking index, alcohol abuse history, or residence (P>0.05). There were significant differences in age, fracture type, fixation type, pin loosening, and indwelling time between the 2 groups (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that age, fracture type, fixation type, pin loosening, and indwelling time were independent risk factors for pin infection. Age, fracture type, fixation type, pin loosening, and indwelling time are independent risk factors for pin infection in patients with tibial traumatic osteomyelitis. CONCLUSIONS Combination of vacuum sealing drainage with Ilizarov bone transport technique can effectively improve the condition of tibial traumatic osteomyelitis, improve the quality of life of patients, and reduce the occurrence of adverse emotions of patients. Age, fracture type, fixation type, pin loosening, and indwelling time are independent risk factors for pin infection in patients with tibial traumatic osteomyelitis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
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A bone fixation technique using an external fixator (FIXATORS, EXTERNAL) for lengthening limbs, correcting pseudarthroses and other deformities, and assisting the healing of otherwise hopeless traumatic or pathological fractures and infections, such as chronic osteomyelitis. The method was devised by the Russian orthopedic surgeon Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (1921-1992). (From Bull Hosp Jt Dis 1992 Summer;52(1):1)
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