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Topical Treatment of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Israel, Part 3.

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Summary of "Topical Treatment of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Israel, Part 3."

Cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most common form of leishmaniasis with global incidence of about 1.5 million cases annually. The disease is endemic in Israel and caused by two types, leishmania major and leishmania tropica. The two types of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Israel are not life threatening, but the multiple skin lesions developed from the contaminated sandfly bites cause significant damage to the quality of life for a few months in patients with leishmania major and sometimes for more than a year in patients with leishmania tropica. Topical treatment for this localized skin disease is very attractive although only one medication is registered in Israel (15% paromomycin +12% methylbenzethonium chloride ointment) for the topical treatment of leishmania major. Two significant disadvantages characterize this topical medication, 1) relatively low efficacy and 2) significant irritation and pain. This article represents part 3 of a 3-part article on the topic of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Part 1 discussed the treatment option of amphotericin-B liposomal gel, part 2 discussed the treatment option of paromomycin sulfate liposomal gel, and this final part (3) discusses the treatment option of photodynamic therapy.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of pharmaceutical compounding
ISSN: 1092-4221
Pages: 366-375

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Topical Treatment of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Israel, Part 2.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A disease caused by any of a number of species of protozoa in the genus LEISHMANIA. There are four major clinical types of this infection: cutaneous (Old and New World) (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS), diffuse cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS), mucocutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS), and visceral (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL).

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A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) of the Old World. Transmission is by Phlebotomus sandflies.

A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and rodents. This taxonomic complex includes species which cause a disease called Oriental sore which is a form of cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) of the Old World.

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