Compounded Cyclophosphamide and Piroxicam for the Treatment of a Canine Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor: A Case Report.

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Summary of "Compounded Cyclophosphamide and Piroxicam for the Treatment of a Canine Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor: A Case Report."

For many people, companion animals are family members and partners in life. The diagnosis of a life-threatening illness in a beloved pet can present challenges for the patient and cause stress and grief for its owner. A successful therapeutic outcome often requires the use of commercially manufactured medications that are not produced in the doses or dosage forms tolerated by veterinary patients or are unavailable to, unaffordable for, and/or inaccessible by owners. In those cases, the use of customized compounded preparations is often the best option. In this report, we describe the successful use of 2 compounds (cyclophosphamide and piroxicam) to treat an aggressive peripheral nerve sheath tumor in an older male dog. Formulations for those medications are provided.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of pharmaceutical compounding
ISSN: 1092-4221
Pages: 358-364


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Neoplasms which arise from nerve sheaths formed by SCHWANN CELLS in the PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM or by OLIGODENDROCYTES in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, NEUROFIBROMA, and NEURILEMMOMA are relatively common tumors in this category.

Neoplasms which arise from peripheral nerve tissue. This includes NEUROFIBROMAS; SCHWANNOMAS; GRANULAR CELL TUMORS; and malignant peripheral NERVE SHEATH NEOPLASMS. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp1750-1)

The lipid-rich sheath surrounding AXONS in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. The myelin sheath is an electrical insulator and allows faster and more energetically efficient conduction of impulses. The sheath is formed by the cell membranes of glial cells (SCHWANN CELLS in the peripheral and OLIGODENDROGLIA in the central nervous system). Deterioration of the sheath in DEMYELINATING DISEASES is a serious clinical problem.

A class of nerve fibers as defined by their structure, specifically the nerve sheath arrangement. The AXONS of the unmyelinated nerve fibers are small. The axons to SCHWANN CELLS ratio is greater in the unmyelinated nerve fibers than that in the myelinated fiber (NERVE FIBERS, MYELINATED) which is 1:1. Usually several axons are surrounded by a single Schwann cell in the unmyelinated nerve fibers. Therefore, each unmyelinated fiber is not completely covered by the MYELIN SHEATH formed by the Schwann cell. Unmyelinated nerve fibers conduct impulses at low velocities. They represent the majority of peripheral sensory and autonomic fibers. They are also found in the spinal cord and brain.

Mechanical compression of nerves or nerve roots from internal or external causes. These may result in a conduction block to nerve impulses (due to MYELIN SHEATH dysfunction) or axonal loss. The nerve and nerve sheath injuries may be caused by ISCHEMIA; INFLAMMATION; or a direct mechanical effect.

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