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Effect of Ceftaroline, Vancomycin, Gentamicin, Macrolides, and Ciprofloxacin against Methicillin-Resistant Isolates: An Study.

08:00 EDT 12th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effect of Ceftaroline, Vancomycin, Gentamicin, Macrolides, and Ciprofloxacin against Methicillin-Resistant Isolates: An Study."

Methicillin-resistant (MRSA) infection remains a challenging threat because of limited treatment options. Ceftaroline was identified as having potent anti-MRSA activity. To evaluate the susceptibility of MRSA to gentamicin, macrolides, ciprofloxacin, vancomycin, and ceftaroline and to perform molecular characterization of different resistance genes as aminoglycoside modifying enzyme genes, and , and and genes. One hundred non-duplicate MRSA strains were isolated from different samples of hospitalized patients in Cairo University teaching hospitals from November 2015 to August 2016. Determination of antibiotic susceptibility was done using disk diffusion test and minimum inhibitory concentration followed by detection of resistance genes by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Of 100 MRSA isolates, 63 (63%) were resistant to gentamicin, erythromycin, clindamycin, and ciprofloxacin, however, all were sensitive to ceftaroline. Fifteen isolates (15%) were vancomycin intermediate resistant and were sensitive to ceftaroline as well. Ceftaroline was potent against MRSA, which was found to be non-susceptible to vancomycin, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, clindamycin, and gentamicin and it may represent a successful treatment for MRSA infections.

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Name: Surgical infections
ISSN: 1557-8674
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Antibiotic produced by Micromonospora inyoensis. It is closely related to gentamicin C1A, one of the components of the gentamicin complex (GENTAMICINS).

Non-susceptibility of a microbe to the action of METHICILLIN, a semi-synthetic penicillin derivative.

A strain of Staphylococcus aureus that is non-susceptible to the action of METHICILLIN. The mechanism of resistance usually involves modification of normal or the presence of acquired PENICILLIN BINDING PROTEINS.

Strains of the genus Enterococcus that are resistant to the antibiotic VANCOMYCIN. The enterococci become resistant by acquiring plasmids carrying genes for VANCOMYCIN RESISTANCE.

A broad-spectrum antimicrobial carboxyfluoroquinoline.

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