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Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) was recently found to be localized to mitochondria in a number of tissues and cell types, where it modulates oxidative phosphorylation via interactions with the electron transport proteins, complex I and complex II. Skeletal muscle is densely populated with mitochondria, althoughwhether STAT3 contributes to skeletal muscle oxidative capacity is unknown. In the present study we sought to elucidate the contribution of STAT3 to mitochondrial and skeletal muscle function by studying mice with muscle-specific knockout of STAT3 (mKO). First, we developed a novel flow cytometry-based approach to confirm that STAT3 is present in skeletal muscle mitochondria. However, contrary to findings in other tissue types, complex I and complex II activity and maximal mitochondrial respiratory capacity in skeletal muscle were comparable between mKO mice and floxed/wild-type littermates. Moreover, there were no genotype differences in endurance exercise performance, skeletal muscle force generating capacity or the adaptive response of skeletal muscle to voluntary wheel running. Collectively, while we confirm the presence of STAT3 in skeletal muscle mitochondria, our data establishes that STAT3 is dispensable for mitochondrial and physiological function in skeletal muscle.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)
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A subtype of mitochondrial ADP, ATP translocase found primarily in heart muscle (MYOCARDIUM) and skeletal muscle (MUSCLE, SKELETAL).
The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.
Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.
A symptom complex characterized by pain and weakness in SKELETAL MUSCLE group associated with exercise, such as leg pain and weakness brought on by walking. Such muscle limpness disappears after a brief rest and is often relates to arterial STENOSIS; muscle ISCHEMIA; and accumulation of LACTATE.
A state arrived at through prolonged and strong contraction of a muscle. Studies in athletes during prolonged submaximal exercise have shown that muscle fatigue increases in almost direct proportion to the rate of muscle glycogen depletion. Muscle fatigue in short-term maximal exercise is associated with oxygen lack and an increased level of blood and muscle lactic acid, and an accompanying increase in hydrogen-ion concentration in the exercised muscle.
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