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The surface-induced anchoring effect is a well-developed technique to control the growth of liquid crystals (LCs). Nevertheless, a defined nanometer-scale template has never been used to induce the anchored growth of LCs with molecular building units. Scanning tunneling microscopy results at the solid/liquid interface reveal that a 2D covalent organic framework (COF-1) can offer an anchoring effect to template C molecules into forming several LC mesophases, which cannot be obtained under other conditions. Through comparison with the C system, a stepwise breakdown in ordering of C LC is observed. The process is described in terms of the effects of molecular anisotropy on the epitaxial growth of molecular crystals. The results suggest that using a surface-confined template to anchor the initial layer of LC molecules can be a modular and potentially broadly applicable approach for organizing molecular mesogens into LCs.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)
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Materials in intermediate state between solid and liquid.
The transformation of a liquid to a glassy solid i.e., without the formation of crystals during the cooling process.
The removal of a soluble component from a liquid mixture by contact with a second liquid, immiscible with the carrier liquid, in which the component is preferentially soluble. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Miniaturized methods of liquid-liquid extraction.
A plakin characterized by repeat sequences homologous to SPECTRIN and PLECTIN and C-terminal EF HAND MOTIFS. It functions as an integrator of INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS, ACTIN and MICROTUBULES in cytoskeleton networks. It is required for anchoring intermediate filaments to the actin cytoskeleton in neural and muscle cells as well as anchoring KERATIN-containing intermediate filaments to HEMIDESMOSOMES in EPITHELIAL CELLS.