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CD80 (also known as B7-1) is a costimulatory molecule and was reported to be expressed in biopsies and also excreted in urine from patients with minimal change disease (MCD) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). CD80 is inhibited by CTLA4, which is mainly expressed on regulatory T cells (Tregs). Ineffective circulating Treg response was accused in pathogenesis of nephrotic syndrome. In this study, we aimed to evaluate CD80 expression and infiltrating Tregs in children with MCD and FSGS.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
The standard International Study of Kidney Disease in Children (ISKDC) regimen of prednisolone of 2 months duration for the treatment of the initial episode of Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome (INS) was ...
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A condition characterized by severe PROTEINURIA, greater than 3.5 g/day in an average adult. The substantial loss of protein in the urine results in complications such as HYPOPROTEINEMIA; generalized EDEMA; HYPERTENSION; and HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. Diseases associated with nephrotic syndrome generally cause chronic kidney dysfunction.
The natural ligand for the T-cell antigen CD28; (ANTIGENS, CD28); mediating T- and B-cell adhesion. CD80 is expressed on activated B-cells and gamma-interferon-stimulated monocytes. The binding of CD80 to CD28 and CTLA-4 provides a co-stimulatory signal to T-cells and leads to greatly upregulated lymphokine production.
A regulatory factor X transcription factor that is required for the expression of MHC CLASS II GENES. It also binds to inverted repeats of HEPATITIS B VIRUS DNA and is required for viral gene expression. RFX1 functions as a monomer or heterodimer with other RFX transcription factors.
CD4-positive T cells that inhibit immunopathology or autoimmune disease in vivo. They inhibit the immune response by influencing the activity of other cell types. Regulatory T-cells include naturally occurring CD4+CD25+ cells, IL-10 secreting Tr1 cells, and Th3 cells.
Renal syndrome in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients characterized by nephrotic syndrome, severe proteinuria, focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis with distinctive tubular and interstitial changes, enlarged kidneys, and peculiar tubuloreticular structures. The syndrome is distinct from heroin-associated nephropathy as well as other forms of kidney disease seen in HIV-infected patients.
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