Effects of pollution on marine organisms.

08:00 EDT 12th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effects of pollution on marine organisms."

This review covers selected 2018 articles on the biological effects of pollutants, including human physical disturbances, on marine and estuarine plants, animals, ecosystems, and habitats. The review, based largely on journal articles, covers field and laboratory measurement activities (bioaccumulation of contaminants, field assessment surveys, toxicity testing, and biomarkers) as well as pollution issues of current interest including endocrine disrupters, emerging contaminants, wastewater discharges, marine debris, dredging, and disposal. Special emphasis is placed on effects of oil spills and marine debris due largely to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil blowout in the Gulf of Mexico and proliferation of data on the assimilation and effects of marine debris. Several topical areas reviewed in the past (e.g., mass mortalities ocean acidification) were dropped this year. The focus of this review is on effects, not on pollutant sources, chemistry, fate, or transport. There is considerable overlap across subject areas (e.g., some bioaccumulation data may be appear in other topical categories such as effects of wastewater discharges, or biomarker studies appearing in oil toxicity literature). Therefore, we strongly urge readers to use keyword searching of the text and references to locate related but distributed information. Although nearly 400 papers are cited, these now represent a fraction of the literature on these subjects. Use this review mainly as a starting point. And please consult the original papers before citing them.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Water environment research : a research publication of the Water Environment Federation
ISSN: 1554-7531


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PubMed Articles [16446 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Mytilidae as model organisms in the marine ecotoxicology of pharmaceuticals - A review.

Growing production and consumption of pharmaceuticals is a global problem. Due to insufficient data on the concentration and distribution of pharmaceuticals in the marine environment, there are no app...

Effect of marine antifouling paint particles waste on survival of natural Bermuda copepod communities.

Marine antifouling paints (MAPs) are widely used to prevent organisms from fouling vessel hulls. When scraped from vessels as part of regular maintenance, MAP particles discharged into the seawater be...

Effects of acetaminophen in oxidative stress and neurotoxicity biomarkers of the gastropod Phorcus lineatus.

The growing use of pharmaceutical drugs has become a major environmental issue considering that these substances (or their metabolites) end up inevitably in sewage waters after excretion. In the wild,...

Bioaccumulation and biomagnification of short-chain chlorinated paraffins in marine organisms from the Pearl River Estuary, South China.

Short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) are a series of new persistent organic pollutants, posing a risk of significant adverse effects to biota. Increasing attention has been paid to SCCP pollution...

Tetrabromobisphenol A inhibits carboxylesterase activity of marine organisms from different trophic levels.

Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), a brominated flame retardant used in synthetic polymers and electronics, is present in the aquatic environment and recent evidence suggests it can be potentially biomagn...

Clinical Trials [1487 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Longitudinal Acute Air Pollution Systemic Effects

Air pollution continues to be a key global issue with many governments focusing great attention on air quality legislation because of its harmful environmental and health impacts. Whilst t...

The Long-term Effect of Marine Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation in Renal Transplantation

This is a long-term intervention study on the effects of marine n-3 PUFAs in renal transplantation. Our hypothesis is that patients treated with marine n-3 PUFA supplementation will have l...

Behavioral Research of Environment and Air Pollution Through Education

The BREATHE (Behavioral Research of Environment and Air Pollution Through Education) study is a pilot randomized control trial comparing the efficacy of a classroom-based intervention to n...

Marine Protein Hydrolysate as Dietary Supplement in Elderly Part I

The aim of this study is to investigate the potential effect of a marine protein hydrolysate (MPH) supplement before a meal on postprandial glucose tolerance in healthy subjects, to achiev...

Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Ambient Air Pollution Exposure in Healthy Adults

This observational study recruits healthy individuals who have been routinely taking high amount (at least 3 g/wk) of dietary eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Organisms whose GENOME has been changed by a GENETIC ENGINEERING technique.

Organisms that live in water.

The study of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION and the toxic effects of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS on the ECOSYSTEM. The term was coined by Truhaut in 1969.

A genus of anaerobic, irregular spheroid-shaped METHANOSARCINALES whose organisms are nonmotile. Endospores are not formed. These archaea derive energy via formation of methane from acetate, methanol, mono-, di-, and trimethylamine, and possibly, carbon monoxide. Organisms are isolated from freshwater and marine environments.

The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.

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