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The Draft Genome of Kochia scoparia and the Mechanism of Glyphosate Resistance via Transposon-Mediated EPSPS Tandem Gene Duplication.

08:00 EDT 13th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The Draft Genome of Kochia scoparia and the Mechanism of Glyphosate Resistance via Transposon-Mediated EPSPS Tandem Gene Duplication."

Increased copy number of the 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) gene confers resistance to glyphosate, the world's most-used herbicide. There are typically three to eight EPSPS copies arranged in tandem in glyphosate-resistant populations of the weed kochia (Kochia scoparia). Here, we report a draft genome assembly from a glyphosate-susceptible kochia individual. Additionally, we assembled the EPSPS locus from a glyphosate-resistant kochia plant by sequencing select BACs from a kochia bacterial artificial chromosome library. Comparing the resistant and susceptible EPSPS locus allowed us to reconstruct the history of duplication in the structurally complex EPSPS locus and uncover the genes that are co-duplicated with EPSPS, several of which have a corresponding change in transcription. The comparison between the susceptible and resistant assemblies revealed two dominant repeat types. Additionally, we discovered a mobile genetic element with a FHY3/FAR1-like gene predicted in its sequence that is associated with the duplicated EPSPS gene copies in the resistant line. We present a hypothetical model based on unequal crossing over that implicates this mobile element as responsible for the origin of the EPSPS gene duplication event and the evolution of herbicide resistance in this system. These findings add to our understanding of stress resistance evolution and provide an example of rapid resistance evolution to high levels of environmental stress.

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Name: Genome biology and evolution
ISSN: 1759-6653
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Recombinases that involved in the propagation of DNA TRANSPOSONS. They bind to transposon sequences found at two different sites along the same stretch of DNA and bring them into close proximity. The enzymes then catalyze the double strand cleavage, exchange of double strands and rejoining of DNA helices so that the DNA transposon is formed into a circular PLASMID.

A sequence-related subfamily of ATP-BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTERS that actively transport organic substrates. Although considered organic anion transporters, a subset of proteins in this family have also been shown to convey drug resistance to neutral organic drugs. Their cellular function may have clinical significance for CHEMOTHERAPY in that they transport a variety of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS. Overexpression of proteins in this class by NEOPLASMS is considered a possible mechanism in the development of multidrug resistance (DRUG RESISTANCE, MULTIPLE). Although similar in function to P-GLYCOPROTEINS, the proteins in this class share little sequence homology to the p-glycoprotein family of proteins.

Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports research into the mapping of the human genome and other organism genomes. The National Center for Human Genome Research was established in 1989 and re-named the National Human Genome Research Institute in 1997.

A plant genus of the family SCROPHULARIACEAE. Members contain thyrsiflorin and other scopadulane (labdane) type DITERPENES.

Techniques to determine the entire sequence of the GENOME of an organism or individual.

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