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Elastic liposoxy1mes (ELs) are biocompatible bilayer vesicular systems commonly used in the transdermal delivery of drugs. Compared with conventional liposomes (CLs), the strong deformation ability conferred by edge activators (EAs) is one of the most critical properties of ELs. However, due to limited research methods, little is known about the effect of EAs on the deformation abilities of vesicles. In this study, taking sodium cholate as an example, a multiscale study was carried to study the effect of EAs on the deformability of ELs, including in vitro diffusion experiment at macroscale, "vesicle-pore" model experiment at the microscale and flat patch model experiment at the molecular scale. As a result, it was found that sodium cholate could decrease the kc of DPPC bilayer, which enabled it to remain morphologically intact during a strong deformation process. Such kind of differences on deformation ability made pogostone ELs (contain sodium cholate) present a better permeation effect compared with that of pogostone CLs. All of these provide a multiscale and thorough understanding of the effect of sodium cholate on the deformation ability of ELs.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: AAPS PharmSciTech
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A trihydroxy bile salt that is used as a digestive aid in dietary supplements. It is used in culture media and in conjunction with PAPAIN and PANCREATIN.
Numerical expression indicating the measure of stiffness in a material. It is defined by the ratio of stress in a unit area of substance to the resulting deformation (strain). This allows the behavior of a material under load (such as bone) to be calculated.
A type of CARTILAGE whose matrix contains ELASTIC FIBERS and elastic lamellae, in addition to the normal components of HYALINE CARTILAGE matrix. Elastic cartilage is found in the EXTERNAL EAR; EUSTACHIAN TUBE; EPIGLOTTIS; and LARYNX.
Connective tissue comprised chiefly of elastic fibers. Elastic fibers have two components: ELASTIN and MICROFIBRILS.
Factors that modify the effect of the putative causal factor(s) under study.
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