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Adductor pollicis muscle and nutritional status in heart failure patients: Is there an association?

08:00 EDT 7th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Adductor pollicis muscle and nutritional status in heart failure patients: Is there an association?"

Adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT) has been used as a simple index for muscle mass for the assessment of nutritional status among hospitalized patients to identify malnutrition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between APMT and nutritional status in clinical patients diagnosed with congestive heart failure (CHF).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)
ISSN: 1873-1244
Pages: 110536

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

A selective beta-1-adrenergic partial agonist. Because it is a partial agonist (DRUG PARTIAL AGONISM) it acts like an agonist when sympathetic activity is low and as an antagonist when sympathetic activity is high. It reduces MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA and improves ventricular function in patients with mild to moderate heart failure. In patients with severe heart failure it has been shown to produce benefits in systolic and diastolic function.

The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES during EXERCISE and ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE as well as specific NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS of ATHLETES and the relationship between NUTRITIONAL STATUS and NUTRITION DISORDERS in athletes.

Stenosing tenosynovitis of the abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis tendons in the first dorsal wrist compartment. The presenting symptoms are usually pain and tenderness at the radial styloid. The cause is almost always related to OVERUSE INJURY or is associated with RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.

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