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There are a few well-known indigenous breeds of Chinese rabbits in Sichuan and Fujian provinces, for which the genetic diversity and population structure have been poorly investigated. In the present study, we successfully employed the restriction-site-associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) approach to comprehensively discover genome-wide SNPs of 104 rabbits from four Chinese indigenous breeds: 30 Sichuan White, 34 Tianfu Black, 32 Fujian Yellow and eight Fujian Black. A total of 7,055,440 SNPs were initially obtained, from which 113,973 high-confidence SNPs (read depth ≥ 3, calling rate = 100% and biallelic SNPs) were selected to study the genetic diversity and population structure. The mean polymorphism information content (PIC) and nucleotide diversity (π) of each breed slightly varied with ranging from 0.2000 to 0.2281 and from 0.2678 to 0.2902, respectively. On the whole, Fujian Yellow rabbits showed the highest genetic diversity, which was followed by Tianfu Black and Sichuan White rabbits. The principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that the four breeds were clearly distinguishable. Our results first reveal the genetic differences among these four rabbit breeds in the Sichuan and Fujian provinces and also provide a high-confidence set of genome-wide SNPs for Chinese indigenous rabbits that could be employed for gene linkage and association analyses in the future.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
A phenomenon that is observed when a small subgroup of a larger POPULATION establishes itself as a separate and isolated entity. The subgroup's GENE POOL carries only a fraction of the genetic diversity of the parental population resulting in an increased frequency of certain diseases in the subgroup, especially those diseases known to be autosomal recessive.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)
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