Origins of Refractive Errors: Environmental and Genetic Factors.

08:00 EDT 15th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Origins of Refractive Errors: Environmental and Genetic Factors."

Refractive errors are the product of a mismatch between the axial length of the eye and its optical power, creating blurred vision. Uncorrected refractive errors are the second leading cause of worldwide blindness. One refractive error currently attracting significant scientific interest is myopia, mostly owing to the recent rise in its prevalence worldwide and associated ocular disease burden. This increase in myopia prevalence has also been rapid, suggesting environmental influences in addition to any genetic influences on eye growth. This review defines refractive errors, describes their prevalence, and presents evidence for the influence of genetic and environmental factors related to refractive error development.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Annual review of vision science
ISSN: 2374-4650
Pages: 47-72


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [20519 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Sex differences in the etiology of disgust sensitivity: A preliminary behavioral genetic analysis.

Evidence suggests that Disgust Sensitivity (DS) is a personality trait that may confer risk for the development of some anxiety-related disorders. To examine the origins of this trait we administered ...

Corneal refractive surgery combined with simultaneous corneal crosslinking: indications, protocols and clinical outcomes.

Corneal refractive surgery is one of the most common approaches for correction of refractive errors. Combined corneal refractive surgery and corneal crosslinking (CXL) has been proposed as a method to...

Maintenance of a Genetic Cline in the Barnacle .

The barnacle is a broadly distributed species in the temperate northeastern Pacific that is notable for a robust genetic cline between about 36° and 40° N latitude. Prior work established the evolu...

Refractive surgery in the HIV-Positive U.S. Military Natural History Study Cohort: Complications and risk factors.

This study sought to assess the frequency of refractive surgery complications in human immunodeficiency virus-positive (HIV+) individuals and related risk factors.

Maternal environmental risk factors and the development of internalizing and externalizing problems in childhood: The complex role of genetic factors.

The development of problem behavior in children is associated with exposure to environmental factors, including the maternal environment. Both are influenced by genetic factors, which may also be corr...

Clinical Trials [6190 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Environmental Health and Myopia Prevention and Control

Myopia is one of the major causes of low visual acuity during childhood. It is generally more prevalent in urban areas than in rural areas. Current evidence does not address our understand...

Study on Clinical Prognosis, Risk Factors and Genetic Basis of Congenital Heart Disease

The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of parental peri-natal environmental risk factors and genetic factors on the development of Congenital Heart Disease (CHD). Our hyp...

Genetic and Environmental Risk Factors in African American and Caucasian Healthy Men and in Patients With Prostate Cancer

RATIONALE: Gathering information about genetic and environmental factors may help doctors understand why African American men have an increased risk of prostate cancer and die more often f...

Shanghai Eye Study for Older People

Blindness and visual impairment severely impact the visual health and life quality of people, particularly the 2.566 million senior citizens aged at 65 and above in Shanghai. The main reas...

Choroidal Thickness Change in Response to Physiological and Refractive Changes

There is a great need for precise and repeatable measurements of the choroidal thickness. Including the diurnal physiological changes, accommodation and refractive error impact on those me...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Deviations from the average or standard indices of refraction of the eye through its dioptric or refractive apparatus.

A procedure to surgically correct REFRACTIVE ERRORS by cutting radial slits into the CORNEA to change its refractive properties.

Surgical procedures employed to correct REFRACTIVE ERRORS such as MYOPIA; HYPEROPIA; or ASTIGMATISM. These may involve altering the curvature of the CORNEA; removal or replacement of the CRYSTALLINE LENS; or modification of the SCLERA to change the axial length of the eye.

Errors or mistakes committed by health professionals which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in diagnosis (DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS), errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of surgical procedures, in the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings. Medical errors are differentiated from MALPRACTICE in that the former are regarded as honest mistakes or accidents while the latter is the result of negligence, reprehensible ignorance, or criminal intent.

A multifactorial disease of CATTLE resulting from complex interactions between environmental factors, host factors, and pathogens. The environmental factors act as stressors adversely affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM and other host defenses and enhancing transmission of infecting agents.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article