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Successful treatment of acquired arteriovenous fistulas after iliac vein thrombosis.

08:00 EDT 16th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Successful treatment of acquired arteriovenous fistulas after iliac vein thrombosis."

Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) rarely occurs in conjunction with other vascular anomalies, and is therefore an understudied area. Although arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) most commonly arise from congenital defects or as a result of trauma, some reports suggest they may form in association with thrombosis of cerebral veins. In this report, we present a case of acquired pelvic and lower extremity AVFs following left common iliac vein (CIV) thrombosis. The special feature of this case is that the patient received a series of treatments of which recanalization resulted in best clinical outcome. As a result of long term follow-up (5 years), this case allows for a better understanding of the natural progression of this rare disease.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Annals of vascular surgery
ISSN: 1615-5947
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A compression of ILIAC VEIN that results in a decreased flow in the vein and in the left LOWER EXTREMITY due to a vascular malformation. It may result in left leg EDEMA, pain, iliofemoral DEEP VENOUS THROMBOSIS and POSTTHROMBOTIC SYNDROME. Compression of the left common ILIAC VEIN by the right common ILIAC ARTERY against the underlying fifth LUMBAR VERTEBRA is the typical underlying malformation.

A vein on either side of the body which is formed by the union of the external and internal iliac veins and passes upward to join with its fellow of the opposite side to form the inferior vena cava.

A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.

The vein accompanying the femoral artery in the same sheath; it is a continuation of the popliteal vein and becomes the external iliac vein.

Congenital arteriovenous malformation involving the VEIN OF GALEN, a large deep vein at the base of the brain. The rush of arterial blood directly into the vein of Galen, without passing through the CAPILLARIES, can overwhelm the heart and lead to CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE.

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