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Identification of immunodominant IgE epitopes of the major house dust mite allergen Der f 24.

08:00 EDT 18th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Identification of immunodominant IgE epitopes of the major house dust mite allergen Der f 24."

Previously, a ubiquinol‑cytochrome c reductase binding protein (UQCRB) homolog was identified in the house dust mite (HDM) species Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f) as a major allergen. In the present study, the immunodominant immunoglobulin E (IgE) epitope of the protein Der f 24 was investigated. Analysis of the homologous amino acid (aa) sequences in Der f and human UQCRB was performed. Four different recombinant Der f 24 and hybrid proteins formed by integrating Der f and human UQCRB sequences were expressed in Escherichia coli, purified using Ni‑NTA resins, and IgE‑binding activity was determined using IgE‑western blotting and enzyme‑linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) experiments. IgE epitopes were further identified by IgE‑dot blotting and IgE‑ELISA with synthetic polypeptides and HDM‑allergic sera. Three‑dimensional (3D) structural modeling was used to analyze the position of the immunodominant IgE epitope. The amino acid sequence homology between Der f 24 and the human UQCRB protein was determined to be 39.34%. IgE‑ELISA and western blot analysis showed that all of the Der f‑human UQCRB hybrid proteins generated, except for the one lacking 59 residues of the N‑terminal region of Der f 24, were bound by allergic serum IgE. A synthetic polypeptide consisting of 32 residues of the N‑terminal reacted with IgEs from HDM‑allergic sera and could be used to generate high titer specific IgG or specific IgE antibodies in immunized mice. The 32‑aa N‑terminal region of Der f 24 was localized to a structural protrusion, which may facilitate specific IgE‑binding. These results indicate that the immunodominant IgE epitope of Der f 24 is located mainly in a 32‑residue region of the N‑terminus. These findings may inform the mechanisms of HDM allergy sensitization and allergy immunotherapy development.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of molecular medicine
ISSN: 1791-244X
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Species of European house dust mite, in the family PYROGLYPHIDAE. It is the most commonly found house dust mite.

Species of American house dust mite, in the family PYROGLYPHIDAE.

Antigens from the house dust mites (DERMATOPHAGOIDES), mainly D. farinae and D. pteronyssinus. They are proteins, found in mite feces or mite extracts, that can cause ASTHMA and other allergic diseases such as perennial rhinitis (RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, PERENNIAL) and atopic dermatitis (DERMATITIS, ATOPIC). More than 11 groups of Dermatophagoides ALLERGENS have been defined. Group I allergens, such as Der f I and Der p I from the above two species, are among the strongest mite immunogens in humans.

Subunits of the antigenic determinant that are most easily recognized by the immune system and thus most influence the specificity of the induced antibody.

Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

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