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Most bacteria are surrounded by a complex cell envelope. As with many biological processes, studies of envelope assembly have benefited from cell-based assays for detecting protein-protein interactions. These assays use simple readouts and lack a protein purification requirement, making them ideal for early-stage investigations. The most widely used two-hybrid interaction assay for proteins involved in envelope biogenesis is based on the reconstitution of adenylate cyclase activity from a split enzyme. Because adenylate cyclase is only functional in the cytoplasm, both protein fusions used in the assay must have a terminus located in this compartment. However, many envelope assembly factors are wholly extracytoplasmic. Detecting interactions involving such proteins using two-hybrid systems has therefore been problematic. To address this issue, we developed a cytological assay in Escherichia coli based on PopZ from Caulobacter crescentus. Here, we demonstrate the utility of this PopZ-Linked Apical Recruitment (POLAR) method for detecting interactions between proteins located in different cellular compartments. Additionally, we report that recruitment of an active peptidoglycan synthase to the cell pole is detrimental for E. coli and that interactions between proteins in the inner and outer membranes of the gram-negative envelope may provide a mechanism for recruiting protein complexes to subpolar sites.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Molecular microbiology
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Protein interaction domains of about 70-90 amino acid residues, named after a common structure found in PSD-95, Discs Large, and Zona Occludens 1 proteins. PDZ domains are involved in the recruitment and interaction of proteins, and aid the formation of protein scaffolds and signaling networks. This is achieved by sequence-specific binding between a PDZ domain in one protein and a PDZ motif in another protein.
A minichromosome maintenance protein that is a key component of the six member MCM protein complex. In addition, interaction of this protein with cyclin A results in its recruitment to CENTROSOMES where it may play a role in controlling centrosome reduplication.
Sensitive assay using radiolabeled ANTIGENS to detect specific ANTIBODIES in SERUM. The antigens are allowed to react with the serum and then precipitated using a special reagent such as PROTEIN A sepharose beads. The bound radiolabeled immunoprecipitate is then commonly analyzed by gel electrophoresis. Radioimmunoprecipitation assay (RIPA) is often used as a confirmatory test for diagnosing the presence of HIV ANTIBODIES.
A 34 kDa signal transducing adaptor protein that associates with TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR RECEPTOR TYPE 1. It facilitates the recruitment of signaling proteins such as TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTOR 2 and FAS ASSOCIATED DEATH DOMAIN PROTEIN to the receptor complex.
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An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...
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