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This paper discusses some of the concepts and major physiological issues in developing a means of electrically stimulating the otolithic system, with the final goal being the electrical stimulation of the otoliths in human patients. It contrasts the challenges of electrical stimulation of the otolith organs as compared to stimulation of the semicircular canals. Electrical stimulation may consist of trains of short-duration pulses (e.g., 0.1 ms duration at 400 Hz) by selective electrodes on otolith maculae or otolithic afferents, or unselective maintained DC stimulation by large surface electrodes on the mastoids - surface galvanic stimulation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Audiology & neuro-otology
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Recent studies suggest that otolith dysfunction is a common finding in individuals with a history of head trauma/blast exposure and/or noise-induced hearing loss. Therefore, otolith dysfun...
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A clinical study at the Baylor College of Medicine, Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, is being proposed to test the efficacy of a novel electrical stimulation platform...
The electrical response evoked in a muscle or motor nerve by electrical or magnetic stimulation. Common methods of stimulation are by transcranial electrical and TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION. It is often used for monitoring during neurosurgery.
Assessment of physiological capacities in relation to job requirements. It is usually done by measuring certain physiological (e.g., circulatory and respiratory) variables during a gradually increasing workload until specific limitations occur with respect to those variables.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
Movement of internal organs due to physiological processes.
A structure, situated close to the intraventricular foramen, which induces drinking behavior after stimulation with angiotensin II.
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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological condition affecting 100,000 young adults in the UK. The condition results from autoimmune damage to myelin, causing interference in nerve signaling. Symptoms experienced depend on the pa...