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Approximately 250 million (43%) children under the age of 5 years in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are failing to meet their developmental potential. Risk factors are recognised to contribute to this loss of human potential. Expanding understanding of the risks that lead to poor outcomes and which protective factors contribute to resilience in children may be critical to improving disparities.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PLoS medicine
Child cognitive development is influenced by early-life insults and protective factors. To what extent these factors have a long-term legacy on child development and hence fulfillment of cognitive pot...
The existing literature is dominated by models of parent-child aggression (PCA) risk using maternal samples, thereby limiting insight into factors that contribute to fathers' PCA risk. Protective fact...
Maltreated youth are at an elevated risk for the development of problem behaviors. Coping with the death of a family member or close friend during adolescence, referred to as bereavement, is a stressf...
Observational studies have associated use of intramuscular injectable depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA-IM) with increased risk of HIV-1 acquisition, but limited data are available to assess HIV...
Understanding the emotional quality of the mother-child dyadic relationship and parent-child feeding interactions may further clarify early developmental pathways to eating behaviours and obesity risk...
There are few data of paediatric peri-operative morbidity and mortality in South Africa. There is little information on the burden or profile of surgical disease in the paediatric populati...
This study will evaluate the effect of an HIV/STD risk-reduction program on the sexual behavior of South African adolescents.
Heart disease and stroke disproportionately affect African Americans in the United States. These conditions are likely caused by both environmental and genetic factors. This study will att...
Suicidal intentionality is generally stronger among the elderly, suicidal acts are more violent and are combined with a greater physical fragility. The suicide of an older adult is a situa...
The purpose of this study is to determine the social and economic outcomes of anti-HIV treatment in South African adults, with data collected from interviews, detailed questionnaires, and ...
A geopolitical organization of African nations with a mission to integrate vital interests, promote international relations, political stability, and economic development among member states.
A child whose needs, abilities, or other characteristics vary so much from the average in mental, physical, or social areas that a greater than usual level of services is needed to facilitate the child's maximum potential development.
Specialized clothing or equipment worn for protection against health hazards. Personal Protective Equipment may include MASKS; RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE DEVICES; HEAD PROTECTIVE DEVICES; EYE PROTECTIVE DEVICES; EAR PROTECTIVE DEVICES; PROTECTIVE CLOTHING; and protective footwear.
The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.
The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...