An Update: Portal Hypertensive Gastropathy and Colopathy.

08:00 EDT 1st November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "An Update: Portal Hypertensive Gastropathy and Colopathy."

Complications of portal hypertension include portal hypertensive gastropathy and colopathy. These disorders may cause chronic or acute gastrointestinal bleeding. The diagnosis is made endoscopically; therefore, there is great variability in their assessment. Portal hypertensive gastropathy can range from a mosaic-like pattern resembling snakeskin mucosa to frankly bleeding petechial lesions. Portal hypertensive colopathy has been less well-described and is variably characterized (erythema, vascular lesions, petechiae). Treatment is challenging and results are inconsistent. Currently, available evidence does not support the use of beta-blockers for primary prevention. Further investigation of the pathogenesis, natural history, and treatment of these disorders is needed.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Clinics in liver disease
ISSN: 1557-8224
Pages: 643-658


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abnormal increase of resistance to blood flow within the hepatic PORTAL SYSTEM, frequently seen in LIVER CIRRHOSIS and conditions with obstruction of the PORTAL VEIN.

Dilated blood vessels in the ESOPHAGUS or GASTRIC FUNDUS that shunt blood from the portal circulation (PORTAL SYSTEM) to the systemic venous circulation. Often they are observed in individuals with portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).

Bleeding within the SKULL that is caused by systemic HYPERTENSION, usually in association with INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOSCLEROSIS. Hypertensive hemorrhages are most frequent in the BASAL GANGLIA; CEREBELLUM; PONS; and THALAMUS; but may also involve the CEREBRAL CORTEX, subcortical white matter, and other brain structures.

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The venous pressure measured in the PORTAL VEIN.

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