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FISH Protocol for Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 Cells.

07:00 EST 1st January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "FISH Protocol for Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 Cells."

Mutant DMPK transcripts containing expanded CUG repeats (CUGexp) are retained within the nucleus of myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) cells as discrete foci. Nuclear CUGexp-RNA foci that sequester MBNL1 splicing factor represent a hallmark of this RNA dominant disease caused by the expression of expanded microsatellite repeats. Here we described fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) techniques to detect either RNA containing CUG expansion or DMPK transcripts in human DM1 or WT cells. In addition, we propose a combined FISH/immunofluorescence protocol to visualize the colocalization of MBNL1 with CUGexp-RNA foci in DM1 cells.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
ISSN: 1940-6029
Pages: 203-215

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Diseases characterized by MYOTONIA, which may be inherited or acquired. Myotonia may be restricted to certain muscles (e.g., intrinsic hand muscles) or occur as a generalized condition. These disorders may be associated with abnormal muscle SODIUM CHANNEL and CHLORIDE CHANNELS. MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY and MYOTONIA CONGENITA represent two relatively common forms of this disorder. Proximal myotonic myopathy often presents with myotonia and muscle pain in early adulthood and later in life thigh muscle weakness and cataracts develop. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1392)

An autosomal dominant neuromuscular disorder which usually presents in early adulthood, characterized by progressive muscular atrophy (most frequently involving the hands, forearms, and face), myotonia, frontal baldness, lenticular opacities, and testicular atrophy. Cardiac conduction abnormalities, diaphragmatic weakness, and mild mental retardation may also occur. Congenital myotonic dystrophy is a severe form of this disorder, characterized by neonatal MUSCLE HYPOTONIA, feeding difficulties, respiratory muscle weakness, and an increased incidence of MENTAL RETARDATION. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1423-5; Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch16, pp16-7)

A member of the CELF PROTEINS family which binds GU rich elements (GREs) and CUG-triplet repeats in the 3'UTR of mammalian mRNA transcripts that undergo rapid turnover. It also binds AU-rich elements (AREs or EDEN-like) in the 3'UTR of JUN and FOS mRNAs. Mutations in the human CELF1 gene are associated with MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY type 1.

A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)

An increased number of contiguous trinucleotide repeats in the DNA sequence from one generation to the next. The presence of these regions is associated with diseases such as FRAGILE X SYNDROME and MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY. Some CHROMOSOME FRAGILE SITES are composed of sequences where trinucleotide repeat expansion occurs.

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