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Bcl10 is required for the development and suppressive function of Foxp3 regulatory T cells.

08:00 EDT 8th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Bcl10 is required for the development and suppressive function of Foxp3 regulatory T cells."

Foxp3 regulatory T (Treg) cells play a critical role in peripheral tolerance. Bcl10, acting as a scaffolding protein in the Carma1-Bcl10-Malt1 (CBM) complex, has a critical role in TCR-induced signaling, leading to NF-κB activation and is required for T-cell activation. The role of Bcl10 in conventional T (Tconv) cells has been well characterized; however, the role of Bcl10 in the development of Treg cells and the maintenance of the suppressive function and identity of these cells has not been well characterized. In this study, we found that Bcl10 was required for not only the development but also the function of Treg cells. After deleting Bcl10 in T cells, we found that the development of Treg cells was significantly impaired. When Bcl10 was specifically deleted in mature Treg cells, the suppressive function of the Treg cells was impaired, leading to lethal autoimmunity in Bcl10Foxp3 mice. Consistently, in contrast to WT Treg cells, Bcl10-deficient Treg cells could not protect Rag1-deficient mice from T-cell transfer-induced colitis. Furthermore, Bcl10-deficient Treg cells downregulated the expression of a series of Treg-cell effector and suppressive genes and decreased effector Treg-cell populations. Moreover, Bcl10-deficient Treg cells were converted into IFNγ-producing proinflammatory cells with increased expression of the transcription factors T-bet and HIF-1α. Together, our study results provide genetic evidence, indicating that Bcl10 is required for the development and function of Treg cells.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cellular & molecular immunology
ISSN: 2042-0226
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