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Coronary Artery Disease in Adults with History of Juvenile Arthritis.

08:00 EDT 10th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Coronary Artery Disease in Adults with History of Juvenile Arthritis."

To define the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) in adults with a history of juvenile arthritis (JA)
METHODS:
We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination 2007-2014 Surveys. Two comparison groups were identified: 1) random sample without arthritis, and 2) respondents with reported rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Coronary artery disease was defined as "yes" to survey questions: "Have you ever been told you had congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, angina/angina pectoris, heart attack, or stroke?" Potential confounders for CAD included age, gender, race, smoking status, and any component of metabolic syndrome.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Arthritis care & research
ISSN: 2151-4658
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Arthritis in children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.

Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.

Rheumatoid arthritis of children occurring in three major subtypes defined by the symptoms present during the first six months following onset: systemic-onset (Still's Disease, Juvenile-Onset), polyarticular-onset, and pauciarticular-onset. Adult-onset cases of Still's disease (STILL'S DISEASE, ADULT-ONSET) are also known. Only one subtype of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.

Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.

A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ARTERY ANASTOMOSIS whereby an occlusion or stenosis of the proximal SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY causes a reversal of the blood flow away from the CORONARY CIRCULATION, through the grafted INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY (internal thoracic artery), and back to the distal subclavian distribution.

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