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Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is rarely encountered by spine surgeons outside of deformity or severe trauma cases. The authors report an extraordinarily unique case of refractory DIC after elective resection of multiple en plaque thoracic meningiomas in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1. A 49-year-old man underwent T1-3 laminoplasty and expansile duraplasty for resection of multiple en plaque meningiomas for thoracic myelopathy. Intraoperatively, the patient was found to be in a state of DIC that did not resolve postoperatively despite massive transfusions of blood products. He required subsequent returns to the operating room due to recurrent epidural hematomas with resulting paraplegia. Ultimately, the wound was left open, and a wound vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) was placed to prevent further returns to the operating room. DIC persisted until the administration of recombinant factor VIIa. In this report, the authors review the mechanisms, subtypes, and approaches to treatment of DIC with a focus on the bleeding subtype. If this subtype is refractory to blood product administration (> 24 hours), recombinant factor VIIa is a safe and effective option. A wound VAC can be safely utilized with exposed dura if deemed necessary by the surgeon; however, the volume and characteristics of the output should be closely monitored. The use of unconventional surgical solutions may provide options to mitigate the morbidity associated with refractory DIC in spine surgery.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of neurosurgery. Spine
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An acute myeloid leukemia in which abnormal PROMYELOCYTES predominate. It is frequently associated with DISSEMINATED INTRAVASCULAR COAGULATION.
A serine proteinase inhibitor used therapeutically in the treatment of pancreatitis, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and as a regional anticoagulant for hemodialysis. The drug inhibits the hydrolytic effects of thrombin, plasmin, and kallikrein, but not of chymotrypsin and aprotinin.
A disorder characterized by procoagulant substances entering the general circulation causing a systemic thrombotic process. The activation of the clotting mechanism may arise from any of a number of disorders. A majority of the patients manifest skin lesions, sometimes leading to PURPURA FULMINANS.
A severe, rapidly fatal reaction occurring most commonly in children following an infectious illness. It is characterized by large, rapidly spreading skin hemorrhages, fever, or shock. Purpura fulminans often accompanies or is triggered by DISSEMINATED INTRAVASCULAR COAGULATION.
Repetitive withdrawal of small amounts of blood and replacement with donor blood until a large proportion of the blood volume has been exchanged. Used in treatment of fetal erythroblastosis, hepatic coma, sickle cell anemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, septicemia, burns, thrombotic thrombopenic purpura, and fulminant malaria.
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