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The cognitive effects of main cerebral artery occlusive lesions are unclear in children with moyamoya disease (MMD). The authors aimed to investigate cognitive function in the presurgical phase of pediatric patients with MMD with no apparent brain lesions.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics
The thyroid hormones have been reported to be associated with cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease. The relationship between thyroid function within the normal range and cerebral blood flow in Al...
A strict adequate perfusion pressure via arterial baroreflex for the delivery of oxygen to the tissues of the body is well established; however, the importance of baroreflex for cerebral blood flow (C...
Flow-diverting stents (FDS) are relatively safe and highly efficacious in treating cerebral aneurysms; however, a small subset of patients experience devastating hemorrhagic complications due to presu...
Asymmetry of cerebral autoregulation (CA) was demonstrated in patients after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH). A classical method for CA assessment requires simultaneous measurement of both ...
Improvements in the management of complex congenital heart disease, including those with single ventricle physiology, have resulted in increased survival. As this population ages, the recognition of c...
Cerebral blood flow is tightly regulated to ensure constant cerebral perfusion independently from systemic blood pressure fluctuations. This mechanism is termed cerebrovascular autoregulat...
DHA has previously been shown to increase regional cerebral blood flow response to tactile stimulation in aged monkeys; modulation of cerebral blood flow in humans has yet to be demonstrat...
Previous research indicates that resveratrol is a potent vasorelaxor and as such can improve cerebral blood flow. Research also shows that decrements in cerebral blood flow can have negati...
Cognitive performance is negatively related to an impaired glucose metabolism, possibly due to impairments in brain vascular function. Supported by the statement from the American Heart an...
Zanthozylum armatum (Z. armatum)—otherwise known as Nepalese pepper, or timut—is an perennial shrub found in India and across Southeast Asia. Preparations of the bark, fruit and seeds of ...
A non-invasive technique using ultrasound for the measurement of cerebrovascular hemodynamics, particularly cerebral blood flow velocity and cerebral collateral flow. With a high-intensity, low-frequency pulse probe, the intracranial arteries may be studied transtemporally, transorbitally, or from below the foramen magnum.
Brain dysfunction or damage resulting from sustained MALIGNANT HYPERTENSION. When BLOOD PRESSURE exceeds the limits of cerebral autoregulation, cerebral blood flow is impaired (BRAIN ISCHEMIA). Clinical manifestations include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING; SEIZURES; altered mental status (in some cases progressing to COMA); PAPILLEDEMA; and RETINAL HEMORRHAGE.
A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.
The amount of PLASMA that perfuses the KIDNEYS per unit time, approximately 10% greater than effective renal plasma flow (RENAL PLASMA FLOW, EFFECTIVE). It should be differentiated from the RENAL BLOOD FLOW; (RBF), which refers to the total volume of BLOOD flowing through the renal vasculature, while the renal plasma flow refers to the rate of plasma flow (RPF).
A neuropsychological test designed to assess different memory functions. It may incorporate an optional cognitive exam (Brief Cognitive Status Exam) that helps to assess memory related cognitive function.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...