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High thermoelectric performance in low-cost SnSSe crystals.

08:00 EDT 27th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "High thermoelectric performance in low-cost SnSSe crystals."

Thermoelectric technology allows conversion between heat and electricity. Many good thermoelectric materials contain rare or toxic elements, so developing low-cost and high-performance thermoelectric materials is warranted. Here, we report the temperature-dependent interplay of three separate electronic bands in hole-doped tin sulfide (SnS) crystals. This behavior leads to synergistic optimization between effective mass (*) and carrier mobility (μ) and can be boosted through introducing selenium (Se). This enhanced the power factor from ~30 to ~53 microwatts per centimeter per square kelvin (μW cm K at 300 K), while lowering the thermal conductivity after Se alloying. As a result, we obtained a maximum figure of merit () of ~1.6 at 873 K and an average () of ~1.25 at 300 to 873 K in SnSSe crystals. Our strategy for band manipulation offers a different route for optimizing thermoelectric performance. The high-performance SnS crystals represent an important step toward low-cost, Earth-abundant, and environmentally friendly thermoelectrics.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Science (New York, N.Y.)
ISSN: 1095-9203
Pages: 1418-1424

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