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Microbial communities associated with animals exert powerful influences on host physiology, regulating metabolism and immune function, as well as complex host behaviors. The importance of host-microbiome interactions for maintaining homeostasis and promoting health raises evolutionarily complicated questions about how animals and their microbiomes have coevolved, and how these relationships affect the ways that animals interact with their environment. Here, we review the literature on the contributions of host factors to microbial community structure and corresponding influences of microbiomes on emergent host phenotypes. We focus in particular on animal behaviors as a basis for understanding potential roles for the microbiome in shaping host neurobiology.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Science (New York, N.Y.)
Sponges are complex holobionts in which the structure of the microbiome has seldom been characterized above the host species level. The hypothesis tested in this study is that the structure of the spo...
1.Marine sponges are host to large, diverse communities of microorganisms. These microbiomes are distinct among sponge species and from seawater bacterial communities, indicating a key role of host id...
An integrative pattern-process-mechanism approach is revealing the roles of biotic interactions in microbiome assembly. Patterns of microbiome diversity observed in metagenomic studies can be partly e...
Asthma is a common, heterogeneous and serious disease with high prevalence globally. Poorly controlled, steroid-resistant asthma is particularly important as there are no effective therapies and it ex...
Host genetic variation influences microbiome composition. While studies have focused on associations between the gut microbiome and specific alleles, gene copy number (CN) also varies. We relate micro...
In this proposed pilot study, 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing will be used in the analysis of bacterial communities (microbiomes) in postmenopausal women with vulvovaginal atrophy...
This case-control study aims to compare the pelvic microbiomes of benign ovarian diseases and ovarian malignancies by 16s RNA techniques and culture. Discharges/flushing fluid from vagina,...
Though cervical insufficiency is a common cause of second trimester pregnancy loss, the placement of an emergent cerclage in these patients is thought to improve perinatal outcomes. It is ...
The purpose of this study is to characterize bladder urinary oxygen tension (BUOT) in women whose urinary microbiomes contains at least one anaerobic bacterial species versus women whose u...
Microbial communities are key components of human environment. Consequently, human gut microbiome have been extensively studied providing a better understanding of the relations between ba...
The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The use of the GENETIC VARIATION of known functions or phenotypes to correlate the causal effects of those functions or phenotypes with a disease outcome.
A pre-emergent herbicide.
An immunological attack mounted by a graft against the host because of tissue incompatibility when immunologically competent cells are transplanted to an immunologically incompetent host; the resulting clinical picture is that of GRAFT VS HOST DISEASE.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.