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Oscillatory gamma activity mediates the pathway from socioeconomic status to language acquisition in infancy.

08:00 EDT 8th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Oscillatory gamma activity mediates the pathway from socioeconomic status to language acquisition in infancy."

The predictable path to child language acquisition is largely constrained by both brain maturation and environmental experience. The synchronized activity of large numbers of neurons gives rise to macroscopic brain oscillations on an electroencephalogram (EEG). It has been found that neural oscillations at rest in the gamma frequency band (25-45 Hz) are associated with development of different cognitive systems, including language. Although the etiology of language is explained by genetically driven brain maturation factors, environment plays a significant role. Specifically, candidate pathways from environment to language development include sociodemographic factors, primarily socioeconomic status (SES) which is likely to exert its effects on language development through other factors, such as parenting style. Despite these assumptions, no studies have so far examined the interrelation between brain maturation factors such as gamma frequency oscillatory activity, environmental factors such as SES, and language acquisition.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Infant behavior & development
ISSN: 1934-8800
Pages: 101384

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