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The present study reports on evaluation of anti-HCV activity and QSAR of certain arylidenethiazolidinone derivatives as potential inhibitors of HCV-NS5B polymerase. The pursued compounds involving, 5-aryliden-3-arylacetamidothiazolidin-2,4-diones 4-6(a-f), 5-arylidine-2-(N-arylacetamido)-iminothiazolidin-4-one (10) and their rigid counterparts 5-arylidinethiazolotriazines 13-15(a-f), were synthesized and their structures confirmed by spectral and elemental analyses. The results of NS5B polymerase inhibition assay revealed compound 4e, as the most active inhibitor (IC = 0.035 μM), which is four folds greater than that of the reference agent, VCH-759, (IC = 0.14 μM). Meanwhile, compounds 4b, 4c, 5a, and 5c, and 13b, 14e and 15c displayed equipotency to 2 folds higher activity than VCH-759 (IC values: 0.085, 0.14, 0.14, 0.10, 0.12, 0.09 and 0.07 μM, respectively). Assessment of the anti-HCV activity (GT1a) using human hepatoma cell line (Huh-7.5) illustrates superior activity of 4e (EC = 3.80 μM) relative to VCH-759 (EC = 5.29 μM). Cytotoxicity evaluation on, Transformed normal cell lines (Human Liver Epithelial-2, THLE-2 and Proximal Tubular Epithelial, RPTEC/TERT1), demonstrate enhanced safety profile of 4e (CC = 102.77, 161.37 μM, respectively) compared to VCH-759 (CC = 61.83, 81.28 μM, respectively). Molecular docking of the synthesized derivatives to NS5B polymerase allosteric site (
2HWH) showed similar binding modes to that of the co-crystallized ligand. Moreover, QSAR models were established for the studied thiazolidinones and thiazolotriazines to investigate the molecular characteristics contributing to the observed NS5B polymerase inhibition activity. The obtained results inspire further investigations of thiazolidinones and thiazolotriazine aiming at affording more potent, safe and orally active non-nucleoside NS5B polymerase inhibitors as anti-HCV drug candidates.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of medicinal chemistry
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- Hepatitis C is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) that primarily affects the liver. It is one of the main causes of chronic liver diseases worldwide ....
A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).
A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.
A strain of HEPATITIS A VIRUS which causes hepatitis in humans. The virus replicates in hepatocytes and is presumed to reach the intestine via the bile duct. Transmission occurs by the fecal-oral route.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.
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Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) uses the ability of DNA polymerase (enzymes that create DNA molecules by assembling nucleotides, the building blocks of DNA. These enzymes are essential to DNA replication and usually work in pairs to create two ident...
An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...