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Norovirus (NV), is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide. To date, there is no specific anti-NV drug or vaccine to treat NV infections. In this study, we evaluated the inhibitory effect of different stilbene-based analogs on RNA genome replication of human NV (HNV) using a virus replicon-bearing cell line (HG23). Initial screening of our in-house chemical library against NV led to the identification of a hit containing stilbene scaffold 5 which on initial optimization gave us a vinyl stilbene compound 16c (EC = 4.4 μM). Herein we report our structure-activity relationship study of the novel series of vinyl stilbene analogs that inhibits viral RNA genome replication in a human NV-specific manner. Among these newly synthesized compounds, several amide derivatives of vinyl stilbenes exhibited potent anti-NV activity with EC values ranging from 1 to 2 μM. A trans-vinyl stilbenoid with an appended substituted piperazine amide (18k), exhibited potent anti-NV activity and also displayed favorable metabolic stability. Compound 18k demonstrated an excellent safety profile, the highest suppressive effect, and was selective for HNV replication via a viral RNA polymerase-independent manner. Its potential host-targeting antiviral mechanism was further supported by specific activation of heat shock factor 1-dependent stress-inducible pathway by 18k. These results suggest that 18k might be a promising lead compound for developing novel NV inhibitors with the novel antiviral mechanism.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of medicinal chemistry
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A potent, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used in combination with nucleoside analogues for treatment of HIV infection and AIDS.
An enzyme that catalyzes reversible reactions of a nucleoside triphosphate, e.g., ATP, with a nucleoside monophosphate, e.g., UMP, to form ADP and UDP. Many nucleoside monophosphates can act as acceptor while many ribo- and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates can act as donor. EC 220.127.116.11.
An enzyme that is found in mitochondria and in the soluble cytoplasm of cells. It catalyzes reversible reactions of a nucleoside triphosphate, e.g., ATP, with a nucleoside diphosphate, e.g., UDP, to form ADP and UTP. Many nucleoside diphosphates can act as acceptor, while many ribo- and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates can act as donor. EC 18.104.22.168.
Compounds containing the vinyl (-C=CH2) functional group.
A potent, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor with activity specific for HIV-1.
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