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Apoptosis of hemocytes is associated with the infection process of white spot syndrome virus in Litopenaeus vannamei.

08:00 EDT 8th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Apoptosis of hemocytes is associated with the infection process of white spot syndrome virus in Litopenaeus vannamei."

Previous studies have demonstrated that white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) could induce hemocytes apoptosis in shrimps, however the inter-relationship between apoptotic process and the WSSV infection status is still currently underexplored. In the present work, the apoptosis and the viral proliferation in hemocytes of Litopenaeus vannamei were simultaneously investigated post WSSV infection by two-color immunofluorescence flow cytometry and real-time quantitative PCR. The apoptotic hemocytes of WSSV-infected shrimp was significantly increased at 12 h post infection (hpi), whereas underwent a slight decline at 24 hpi subsequently. Since 24 hpi, the apoptotic rate of hemocytes in the WSSV-infected shrimp exhibited a rapid and significant increase, and reached the peak level at 48 hpi with the ratio of 18.1 ± 2.0%. Meanwhile, the percentage of WSSV-infected hemocytes and WSSV copies in hemocytes significantly increased at 24 hpi and maintained at a high level afterwards. With the rapid increase of hemocytes apoptosis, hemocyte density in hemolymph decreased dramatically to less than 20% of the mean value of control. Co-localization assay showed that the apoptotic WSSV-infected hemocytes occupied the dominant proportion of total apoptotic hemocytes, which reached the peak at 48 hpi with 12.6 ± 1.5%. The expression profiles of seven pro-apoptotic genes and two apoptosis-inhibiting genes showed significant differential responses at different stages of WSSV infection, reflecting the interplay between the virus and the host immune response. Our results demonstrated that the apoptotic response of shrimp hemocytes could be significantly influenced by the WSSV infection process, which might provide an insight into deeper relationships between viral infection and apoptosis.

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Name: Fish & shellfish immunology
ISSN: 1095-9947
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A species of DNA virus, in the genus WHISPOVIRUS, infecting PENAEID SHRIMP.

Any blood or formed element especially in invertebrates.

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