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Propargylglycine decreases neuro-immune interaction inducing pain response in temporomandibular joint inflammation model.

08:00 EDT 8th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Propargylglycine decreases neuro-immune interaction inducing pain response in temporomandibular joint inflammation model."

The mechanisms underlying temporomandibular disorders following orofacial pain remain unclear. Hydrogen sulfide (HS), a newly identified gasotransmitter, has been reported to modulate inflammation. Cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE) is responsible for the systemical production of HS, which exerts both pro- and antinociceptive effects through inflammation. In the current study, we investigated whether the endogenous HS production pathway contributes to arousal and maintenance of orofacial inflammatory pain, through the investigation of the effects of a CSE inhibitor, propargyglycine (PAG), in a rat CFA (Complete Freund Adjuvant)-induced temporomandibular inflammation model to mimic persistent pain in the orofacial region. For this, rats received either CFA or saline in the temporomandibular joints (TMJs), and after 3 or 14 days, they received a single injection of PAG or saline and were evaluated for nociception with the von Frey and formalin test. Also, pro-inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were analyzed in TMJs and trigeminal ganglion (TG). In this last one, glial cells reactivity was also verified. Endogenous HS production rate were measured in both, TMJ and TG. Our results indicated decreased allodynia and hyperalgesic responses in rats submitted to CFA after injection of PAG. Moreover, PAG inhibited leucocyte migration to temporomandibular synovial fluid after 3 and 14 days of inflammation. PAG was able to reduce levels of CBS, CSE, TNF-α, and IL-1β in the TMJ and TG, after 13 days of CFA injection. The observed increased activation of glial cells in the trigeminal ganglia on the 14th day of inflammation can be prevented by the highest dose of PAG. Finally, CBS and CSE expression, and endogenous HS production rate in the TMJ and TG was found higher in rats with persistent temporomandibular inflammation compared to rats injected with saline and PAG was able to prevent this elevation. Our results elucidated the molecular mechanisms by which HS exerts its pro-inflammatory and pro-nociceptive role in the orofacial region by alterations in both local tissue and TG.

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Name: Nitric oxide : biology and chemistry
ISSN: 1089-8611
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