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Consensus interferon (cIFN) is a wholly synthetic therapeutic protein which is used to treat hepatitis C/B and certain types of malignancies. It has short serum half-life, therefore, to maintain its therapeutic level in the human body it requires thrice-weekly administration. Various strategies like PEGylation and micro-encapsulation have been developed during the last few years to enhance the pharmacokinetics of small therapeutic peptides. This study executed the human albumin-fusion technology, a simple and flexible approach to extend the serum circulating half-life of cIFN, because human serum albumin (HSA) has long circulating half-life (19 days) and very minute immunological activities. We integrated the codon-optimized HSA-cIFN fusion gene into Pichia pastoris genome by homologous recombination. The selection of hyper-resistant P. pastoris clone against Zeocin™ achieved a high-level secretory expression (250 mg/L) of fusion protein. HSA-cIFN fusion protein was purified using one-step purification by affinity chromatography with 34% recovery. The SDS-PAGE and SEC-HPLC analysis confirmed the final purified product has molecular weight of 87 kDa with 98% purity. Western blot analysis using anti-IFN antibodies further verified the purified HSA-cIFN fusion protein. The specific biological activity was 2.1 × 10 IU/mg as assessed by cytopathic inhibition assay, and half-life of fusion protein was estimated by in vitro thermal and proteolytic stability studies. This work concludes that by using albumin fusion technology, codon optimization and one-step purification a high yield of 86 mg/L of biologically active protein with improved serum half-life was obtained.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Protein expression and purification
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A family of transcription factors that share an N-terminal HELIX-TURN-HELIX MOTIF and bind INTERFERON-inducible promoters to control GENE expression. IRF proteins bind specific DNA sequences such as interferon-stimulated response elements, interferon regulatory elements, and the interferon consensus sequence.
A condition in which albumin level in blood (SERUM ALBUMIN) is below the normal range. Hypoalbuminemia may be due to decreased hepatic albumin synthesis, increased albumin catabolism, altered albumin distribution, or albumin loss through the urine (ALBUMINURIA).
Interferon secreted by leukocytes, fibroblasts, or lymphoblasts in response to viruses or interferon inducers other than mitogens, antigens, or allo-antigens. They include alpha- and beta-interferons (INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA).
An interferon regulatory factor that binds upstream TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATORY ELEMENTS in the GENES for INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA. It functions as a transcriptional activator for the INTERFERON TYPE I genes.
A type II interferon produced by recombinant DNA technology. It is similar to the interferon secreted by lymphocytes and has antiviral and antineoplastic activity.
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