Investigation of a microemulsion containing clotrimazole and itraconazole for transdermal delivery for the treatment of sporotrichosis.

08:00 EDT 8th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Investigation of a microemulsion containing clotrimazole and itraconazole for transdermal delivery for the treatment of sporotrichosis."

The aim of this study was to develop a microemulsion (ME) formulation containing an association of itraconazole (ITC) and clotrimazole (CLT) as a transdermal delivery system for the treatment of sporotrichosis. Pseudoternary phase diagrams were constructed to optimize the ME formulation. The ME formulation selected contained 1% (w/w) ITC and 1% (w/w) CLT and was composed of 23.07% Tween® 60 (surfactant), 23.07% propylene glycol (cosurfactant/cosolvent), 30.77% benzyl alcohol (oil), and 21.09% water. The ITC/CLT-loaded ME (ITC/CLT-ME) had a droplet size value of 217 ± 0.9 nm, with a polydispersity index (PDI) of 0.5 ± 0.1. Permeation experiments on pig ear skin were conducted for ITC/CLT-ME, and the results indicated that the drug permeation performance was influenced by CLT, indicating that CLT acts as a promoter enhancer. In the in vitro antifungal activity assay using Sporothrix brasiliensis yeast, the inhibition halo produced by ITC/CLT-ME exhibited a mean diameter of 43.67 ± 2.31 mm. The ITC/CLT-ME formulation did not cause skin irritation in mice. The results suggest that ITC/CLT-ME is a promising tool for the transdermal treatment of sporotrichosis.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of pharmaceutical sciences
ISSN: 1520-6017


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