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The flavoprotein trimethylamine dehydrogenase is a member of a small class of flavoproteins that catalyze amine oxidation and transfer the electrons through an Fe/S center to an external oxidant. The mechanism of amine oxidation by this family of enzymes has not been established. Here, we describe the use of pH and kinetic isotope effects with the slow substrate dimethylamine to study the mechanism. The data are consistent with the neutral amine being the form of the substrate that binds productively at the pH optimum, since the pK seen in the k/K pH profile for a group that must be unprotonated matches the pK of dimethylamine. The (k/K) value decreases to unity as the pH decreases. This suggests the presence of an alternative pathway at low pH, in which the protonated substrate binds and is then deprotonated by an active-site residue prior to oxidation. The k and k values both decrease to limiting values at low pH with similar pK values. This is consistent with a step other than amine oxidation becoming rate-limiting for turnover.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archives of biochemistry and biophysics
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Deuterium. The stable isotope of hydrogen. It has one neutron and one proton in the nucleus.
Hydrogen. The first chemical element in the periodic table. It has the atomic symbol H, atomic number 1, and atomic weight 1. It exists, under normal conditions, as a colorless, odorless, tasteless, diatomic gas. Hydrogen ions are PROTONS. Besides the common H1 isotope, hydrogen exists as the stable isotope DEUTERIUM and the unstable, radioactive isotope TRITIUM.
The isotopic compound of hydrogen of mass 2 (deuterium) with oxygen. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed) It is used to study mechanisms and rates of chemical or nuclear reactions, as well as biological processes.
A dimeric protein found in liver peroxisomes that plays an important role in FATTY ACID metabolism and steroid metabolism. The dimer is formed by cleavage of a single protein precursor and contains an enoyl-CoA hydratase-2 domain and a second domain that displays (S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase and 17-beta-estradiol dehydrogenase activities. The enzyme is stereospecific with regards to arrangement of the substrate double bonds and position of the 3-hydroxy group of the reaction intermediate. It is complemented by PEROXISOMAL BIFUNCTIONAL ENZYME, which has the opposite reaction stereospecificity.
An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the reaction 6-phospho-D-gluconate and NADP+ to yield D-ribulose 5-phosphate, carbon dioxide, and NADPH. The reaction is a step in the pentose phosphate pathway of glucose metabolism. (From Dorland, 27th ed) EC 184.108.40.206.