Daily consumption of pistachios over 12 weeks improves dietary profile without increasing body weight in healthy women: A randomized controlled intervention.

08:00 EDT 8th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Daily consumption of pistachios over 12 weeks improves dietary profile without increasing body weight in healthy women: A randomized controlled intervention."

Dietary guidelines around the world recommend the regular intake of nuts because of their nutrient contribution to the diet and reported health benefits. However, consumers are often reluctant to include nuts in their diet due to the high caloric density of nuts. In a 12-week randomized, controlled intervention, we investigated how adding a pistachio portion to the daily diet affects body weight and composition, satiety, energy and nutrient intake. Sixty healthy pre-menopausal women who did not typically consume nuts were randomly assigned to a control or an experimental groups. Experimental participants (n = 30) consumed 44 g (250 kcal) pistachios mid-morning while controls (n = 30) maintained their current eating habits for 12 weeks. Ad libitum food intake and appetite sensations following the pistachio portion were assessed in all participants before and after the intervention in four 2-consecutive-day test sessions (under laboratory and then free-living conditions). Body weight and composition (DXA) were unchanged in both groups after 12 weeks. Pre- and post-intervention tests showed that ad libitum intake adjusted to the pistachio portion, mostly via reduced intakes of carbohydrates and starch, in parallel with decreased hunger and increased satiety following the morning snack. Intakes of MUFA, PUFA, linoleic acid, thiamin, pyridoxine, copper, manganese, and zinc were significantly higher among women consuming the pistachio snack, in spite of compensatory adjustments in intake. In conclusion, daily intake of 44 g pistachios improved nutrient intake without affecting body weight or composition in healthy women. The additional calories provided by the pistachios induced satiety and sufficient adjustment of intake to prevent body weight changes. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRY


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Appetite
ISSN: 1095-8304
Pages: 104483


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [13655 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A Pilot and Feasibility Study of Oatmeal Consumption in Children to Assess Markers of Bowel Function.

Inadequate dietary fiber intake contributes to irregular bowel movements and may contribute to difficulty with defecation in children. Whole grain foods, such as oatmeal, may improve stool consistency...

Growth of and Other Foodborne Pathogens on Inoculated Inshell Pistachios during Simulated Delays between Hulling and Drying.

During harvest, pistachios are hulled, separated in water into floater and sinker streams (in large part on the basis of nut density), and then dried before storage. Higher prevalence and levels of w...

The effect of Cornus mas fruit extract consumption on lipid profile, glycemic indices, and leptin in postmenopausal women- A randomized clinical trial.

Menopause, which occurs following a declined ovarian activity and reduced estrogen levels, can lead to long-term changes in lipid and glycemic profiles and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease...

Amount of Progesterone Consumed Based on Varying Fat Concentrations, Dietary Recommendations, and Estimated Safe Levels in Commercial Cow Origin Liquid Dairy Products.

Federal guidelines recommend that food with hormone content fall below 1% of endogenous production in the subset of the population with the lowest daily production. The majority of dairy products are ...

The Development of VegEze: Smartphone App to Increase Vegetable Consumption in Australian Adults.

Poor-quality dietary patterns are often characterized by inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables. Changing dietary behavior is difficult, and although it is often clear what needs to change, h...

Clinical Trials [11343 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of Pistachios on Muscle Recovery

Pistachios are an understudied and often unappreciated functional food. While nuts in general have received somewhat more attention for their nutritional properties from researchers, pract...

Effects of Pistachios on Cardiovascular Responses to Stress in Type 2 Diabetes

The purpose of this research is to examine the cardiovascular changes in type 2 diabetics caused by eating different diets including pistachios. This study may provide important informati...

Pistachios Blood Sugar Control, Heart and Gut Health

A two-period randomized crossover study will be conducted to evaluate the effect of nighttime pistachio consumption (i.e., after dinner and before sleep) on fasting blood sugar levels, lon...

Effects of Pistachio Consumption on Body Composition and Blood and Bone Indicators

Research investigating beneficial effects of regular pistachio feedings on body composition (BC) and blood lipids are limited, and there are no studies that have investigated the effects o...

Effect of Mango on Gut Microbiota and Metabolic Health

Mango is rich in bioactive compounds such as dietary polyphenols and carotenoids which may explain its beneficial effect on health. Polyphenols accumulate in the gut where they can positiv...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A pattern of food consumption adopted mainly by the people of North America and Western Europe. It is mainly characterized by high intake of MEAT, processed grains, DIETARY SUGARS, DAIRY PRODUCTS, and DIETARY FATS.

Consumption of excessive DIETARY FATS.

A biguanide hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. Metformin improves glycemic control by improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing intestinal absorption of glucose. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p289)

Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.

Phosphorus used in foods or obtained from food. This element is a major intracellular component which plays an important role in many biochemical pathways relating to normal physiological functions. High concentrations of dietary phosphorus can cause nephrocalcinosis which is associated with impaired kidney function. Low concentrations of dietary phosphorus cause an increase in calcitriol in the blood and osteoporosis.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...

Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Searches Linking to this Article