Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are pattern recognition receptors that can recognize bacterial peptidoglycans and trigger the innate immune response of insects. Here, we identified and characterized a novel short-type Bombyx mori peptidoglycan recognition proteins short-4 (BmPGRP-S4) in a lepidopteran insect, Bombyx mori. BmPGRP-S4 exhibited a cDNA sequence length of 600 bp, encoding 199 aa with a protein molecular weight of 22 kDa. Multiple sequence alignment revealed that BmPGRP-S4 contains a conserved PGRP domain. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that BmPGRP-S4 is highly expressed in the early developmental stages of silkworm larvae and presents tissue-specific expression in hemocytes. Interestingly, BmPGRP-S4 expression is significantly induced by bacterial infection in the midgut, fat body, and hemocytes. Furthermore, a dual luciferase reporter gene assay revealed that BmPGRP-S4 can activate the expression of the antimicrobial peptide genes lebocin, moricin, cecropin D, cecropin B, and attacin. Taken together, these results suggest that BmPGRP-S4 plays an important role in the innate immune response of silkworms.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung. C, Journal of biosciences
Microsporidia cause the disease pébrine in silkworm and are known to be detrimental to sericulture and beekeeping. The microsporidian species Nosema bombycis was rapidly identified in silkworm (Bomby...
To explore virus-like particles formation of dengue virus serotype type 2 (DENV-2) structural proteins of, C, prM, E were expressed in silkworm larvae using recombinant Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedroviru...
Here, we demonstrated an antagonistic effect of short neuropeptide F (sNPF) in modulating feeding motivation in the silkworm sNPF reduced the feeding-delaying effects caused by administration of an i...
Viral diseases of silkworm are mainly caused by Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV), B. mori cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus (BmCPV) and B. mori bidensovirus (BmBDV). The virus alters host cellula...
Nosema bombycis, the pathogen of silkworm pébrine, causes enormous economic losses to sericulture. As such, quarantine of commercial silkworm eggs represents an important safeguard to the silkworm in...
The goal of DIATAG study is the identification of biomarkers of T1D evolution in a pediatric cohort.
Over the last 10 years, technological advances in molecular biology enabled a more accurate genomic characterization of tumors. For each tumor location, this led to the identification of s...
The purpose of this study is to: 1. Identification and characterization of ovarian carcinoma well-known biomarkers, CA125 and HE4 and other potential biomarkers in vaginal fluids o...
Candida auris is emerging fungal opportunistic pathogen in developing countries. Much studies has been conducted on Candida albicans. there was a dire need to investigate this alarming thr...
In Martinique, about 33 new cases are diagnosed per year, with a high incidence rate of type 2 endometrial carcinoma which has a poor prognosis with few therapeutic options. Although targe...
A genus of silkworm MOTHS in the family Bombycidae of the order LEPIDOPTERA. The family contains a single species, Bombyx mori from the Greek for silkworm + mulberry tree (on which it feeds). A native of Asia, it is sometimes reared in this country. It has long been raised for its SILK and after centuries of domestication it probably does not exist in nature. It is used extensively in experimental GENETICS. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p519)
The genetic constitution of the individual; the characterization of the genes.
A heterodimeric protein that is a cell surface antigen associated with lymphocyte activation. The initial characterization of this protein revealed one identifiable heavy chain (ANTIGENS, CD98 HEAVY CHAIN) and an indeterminate smaller light chain. It is now known that a variety of light chain subunits (ANTIGENS, CD98 LIGHT CHAINS) can dimerize with the heavy chain. Depending upon its light chain composition a diverse array of functions can be found for this protein. Functions include: type L amino acid transport, type y+L amino acid transport and regulation of cellular fusion.
Adaptive antiviral defense mechanisms, in archaea and bacteria, based on DNA repeat arrays called CLUSTERED REGULARLY INTERSPACED SHORT PALINDROMIC REPEATS (CRISPR elements) that function in conjunction with CRISPR-ASSOCIATED PROTEINS (Cas proteins). Several types have been distinguished, including Type I, Type II, and Type III, based on signature motifs of CRISPR-ASSOCIATED PROTEINS.
An autosomal recessive metabolic disorder due to deficient expression of amylo-1,6-glucosidase (one part of the glycogen debranching enzyme system). The clinical course of the disease is similar to that of glycogen storage disease type I, but milder. Massive hepatomegaly, which is present in young children, diminishes and occasionally disappears with age. Levels of glycogen with short outer branches are elevated in muscle, liver, and erythrocytes. Six subgroups have been identified, with subgroups Type IIIa and Type IIIb being the most prevalent.
Allergies Automimmune Disease Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Immunology Vaccine Immunology is the study of immunity and the defence mechanisms of the body. A greater understanding of immunology is needed to develop vaccines, understand ...
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) uses the ability of DNA polymerase (enzymes that create DNA molecules by assembling nucleotides, the building blocks of DNA. These enzymes are essential to DNA replication and usually work in pairs to create two ident...