Topics

Arsenic exposure with reference to neurological impairment: an overview.

08:00 EDT 11th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Arsenic exposure with reference to neurological impairment: an overview."

Arsenic (As) toxicity has become a public health and environmental problem, which is a serious issue in certain parts of the world. Many people are exposed to As through contaminated drinking water, food and soil, through occupation, etc. Chronic As exposure is linked to various hostile health effects including skin problems, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, reproductive and developmental and neurological problems in exposed subjects. Experimental existing data indicate that chronic As exposure affects the nervous system by impairing the nerve and brain tissues of the exposed animals, and clinical studies indicate that As exposure leads to both central nervous system and peripheral nervous system impairments and also causes depression, memory impairment and difficulty in problem solving, affects body coordination, etc. Various prenatal and postnatal studies with respect to As exposure also suggest that developing offspring and young children are susceptible to As exposure. The only solution to this serious health problem is to stop occupational As exposure and provide As free drinking water to the affected population.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Reviews on environmental health
ISSN: 2191-0308
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [13689 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Dose-dependent relationships between chronic arsenic exposure and cognitive impairment and serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor.

Arsenic poisoning is a public health problem worldwide. A few studies have reported the effects of arsenic exposure on adult cognitive function, but with limitations in the subject selection and expos...

Dietary determinants of inorganic arsenic exposure in the Strong Heart Family Study.

Chronic exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs) in the US occurs mainly through drinking water and diet. Although American Indian (AI) populations have elevated urinary arsenic concentrations compared to ...

Exposure of low-concentration arsenic-initiated inflammation and autophagy in rat lungs.

Chronic arsenic exposure through water intake is a worldwide issue, which has caused many diseases. Lungs are the first target organ of arsenic and lung inflammation, autophagy, and even the onset of ...

Maternal blood arsenic levels and associations with birth weight-for-gestational age.

Among highly exposed populations, arsenic exposure in utero may be associated with decreased birth weight, however less is known about potential effects of arsenic exposure in urban communities withou...

Exposure to microplastics lowers arsenic accumulation and alters gut bacterial communities of earthworm Metaphire californica.

Ubiquitous contamination of microplastics and arsenic in soil ecosystems can induce many health issues to nontarget soil organisms, and will also cause many potential threats to the gut bacterial comm...

Clinical Trials [7035 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Nutrition, Arsenic and Cognitive Function in Children

While reducing arsenic (As) exposure in Bangladesh and the U.S. must continue to be a top priority, this has proven difficult. After decades of mitigation efforts, 42 million people in Ban...

Folic Acid and Creatine as Therapeutic Approaches for Lowering Blood Arsenic

The purpose of this study is to determine whether folic acid, alone or together with creatine supplementation, can lower blood arsenic concentrations and improve the ability to detoxify ar...

Pregnancy, Arsenic and Immune Response

As the global availability of vaccines increases, and reaches areas disproportionately affected by arsenic and malnutrition, resolving questions about potential environmental and biologic ...

Treatment of Chronic Itch in Patients Under Arsenic Exposure With Sublingual Naloxone

The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of sublingual naloxone in the treatment of chronic itch in patients under arsenic exposure.

Strong Heart Water Study

Develop and evaluate the effectiveness of multi-level participatory interventions in reducing arsenic exposure among American Indian (AI) communities from North and South Dakota who partic...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Disorders associated with acute or chronic exposure to compounds containing ARSENIC (ARSENICALS) which may be fatal. Acute oral ingestion is associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and an encephalopathy which may manifest as SEIZURES, mental status changes, and COMA. Chronic exposure is associated with mucosal irritation, desquamating rash, myalgias, peripheral neuropathy, and white transverse (Mees) lines in the fingernails. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1212)

A highly volatile inhalation anesthetic used mainly in short surgical procedures where light anesthesia with good analgesia is required. It is also used as an industrial solvent. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations of the vapor can lead to cardiotoxicity and neurological impairment.

A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)

An acquired disorder characterized by recurrent symptoms, referable to multiple organ systems, occurring in response to demonstrable exposure to many chemically unrelated compounds at doses below those established in the general population to cause harmful effects. (Cullen MR. The worker with multiple chemical sensitivities: an overview. Occup Med 1987;2(4):655-61)

The prevention of infection or disease following exposure to a pathogen. This is most frequently addressed by administering a vaccine or anti-viral medication following exposure to a virus.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Public Health
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...

Food
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...

Wound management
Anything that breaks the skin is a wound because when the skin is broken, there's a risk of germs getting into the body and causing an infection. Follow and track Wound Care News on BioPortfolio: Wound Car...


Searches Linking to this Article