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Objective To evaluate the impact of atosiban as a tocolytic agent in patients treated with the fetoscopic endotracheal occlusion (FETO) procedure due to congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). As premature birth after fetoscopy remains a serious concern, an effort to reduce prematurity is required. Methods A total of 43 patients with severe CDH treated with FETO were enrolled in this study. The study group consisted of 22 patients who received atosiban during the FETO procedure and a control group of 21 patients who did not receive atosiban during the FETO procedure. Demographic data, gestational age (GA) at delivery, cervical length and GA at premature rupture of membranes (PROM) were evaluated. Results The GA at delivery was significantly different between the two groups studied. The median GA at delivery was 32.6 and 34.5 weeks in the no-atosiban vs. atosiban groups, respectively (P = 0.013). The median cervical length was 29.9 and 31.2 mm for the no-atosiban and atosiban groups, respectively, and was not statistically significant (P = 0.28). There were no significant correlations between groups for the occurrence of PROM, GA at the time of PROM, duration of the procedures, parity, maternal body mass index (BMI) or age. In the univariate linear regression model, the only factor independently associated with GA at delivery was the use of atosiban during FETO procedures (β = 0.375; P < 0.013). Conclusion In cases of severe CDH treated with FETO, the use of atosiban as a tocolytic agent during the procedure prolonged pregnancy by 2 weeks. Cervical length, duration of FETO or maternal characteristics were not associated with GA at delivery.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of perinatal medicine
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Proteins produced by organs of the mother or the PLACENTA during PREGNANCY. These proteins may be pregnancy-specific (present only during pregnancy) or pregnancy-associated (present during pregnancy or under other conditions such as hormone therapy or certain malignancies.)
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A hematopoietic growth factor which promotes proliferation and maturation of neutrophil granulocytes. Clinically it is effective in decreasing the incidence of febrile neutropenia in patients with non-myeloid malignancies receiving myelosuppressive therapy or in reducing the duration of neutropenia and neutropenia-related clinical sequelae in patients with non-myeloid malignancies undergoing myeloblastive chemotherapy followed by BMT. It has also been used in AIDS patients with CMV retinitis being treated with GANCICLOVIR. (Gelman CR, Rumack BH & Hess AJ (eds): DRUGDEX(R) System. MICROMEDEX, Inc., Englewood, Colorado (Edition expires 11/30/95))
Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.
Number of patients who need to be treated in order to prevent one additional bad outcome. It is the inverse of Absolute Risk Reduction.
Obstetrics and gynaecology
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Congenital conditions are those which are present from birth. They include structural deformities or loss of function in organs such as the <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->heart, gut or skeletal system. They can be corrected by <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->surgery, m...
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