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Background Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) screening is facing great challenges because of a high false-positive rate and a low positive predictive value (PPV). We established and optimized 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) cut-off values for CAH neonatal screening using a genetic screening processor (GSP) according to gestational age (GA), birth weight (BW) and age at sampling. Methods The 17-OHP concentrations in dried blood spots were measured by time-resolved immunofluorescence and were grouped in terms of GA, BW and age at sampling for 48,592 newborns. The 99.5th percentile was used to set an initial cut-off value as a reference. Results Significant differences in 17-OHP concentrations were observed among newborns with different GAs and BWs. A significant difference was observed among different sampling age groups. Finally, we defined new multitier cut-off concentrations based on GA and age at sampling. Application of the new cut-off values resulted in a 30% reduction of the positive rate and a 40% increase of the PPV. Conclusions GA, BW and sampling age time influenced the concentrations of 17-OHP. The efficiency of congenital adrenal hyperplasia screening can be substantially improved by adjusting the multitier cut-off value according to GA and age at sampling.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism : JPEM
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) was among the first genetic disorders included in newborn screening (NBS) programs worldwide, based on 17α-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) levels in dried blood spot...
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Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD) has a worldwide incidence of 1 in 15-20,000. Affected individuals have adrenal insufficiency and androgen excess; ...
Treatment of children with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) with glucocorticoids is a difficult balance between hypercortisolism and hyperandrogenism. Biochemical monitoring of treatment i...
Background Early diagnosis after newborn screening (NBS) for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) allows proper treatment, reducing mortality rates and preventing development of hyperandrogenic manife...
This research uses the Liquid Chromatography coupled to tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS / MS) technique on dried blot spot samples for the neonatal screening of congenital adrenal hyperpla...
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A metabolite of 17-ALPHA-HYDROXYPROGESTERONE, normally produced in small quantities by the GONADS and the ADRENAL GLANDS, found in URINE. An elevated urinary pregnanetriol is associated with CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA with a deficiency of STEROID 21-HYDROXYLASE.
An adrenal microsomal cytochrome P450 enzyme that catalyzes the 21-hydroxylation of steroids in the presence of molecular oxygen and NADPH-FERRIHEMOPROTEIN REDUCTASE. This enzyme, encoded by CYP21 gene, converts progesterones to precursors of adrenal steroid hormones (CORTICOSTERONE; HYDROCORTISONE). Defects in CYP21 cause congenital adrenal hyperplasia (ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA, CONGENITAL).
A mitochondrial cytochrome P450 enzyme that catalyzes the 11-beta-hydroxylation of steroids in the presence of molecular oxygen and NADPH-FERRIHEMOPROTEIN REDUCTASE. This enzyme, encoded by CYP11B1 gene, is important in the synthesis of CORTICOSTERONE and HYDROCORTISONE. Defects in CYP11B1 cause congenital adrenal hyperplasia (ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA, CONGENITAL).
A group of inherited disorders of the ADRENAL GLANDS, caused by enzyme defects in the synthesis of cortisol (HYDROCORTISONE) and/or ALDOSTERONE leading to accumulation of precursors for ANDROGENS. Depending on the hormone imbalance, congenital adrenal hyperplasia can be classified as salt-wasting, hypertensive, virilizing, or feminizing. The most common defect is in STEROID 21-HYDROXYLASE. Other defects occur in STEROID 11-BETA-HYDROXYLASE; STEROID 17-ALPHA-HYDROXYLASE; or 3-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3-HYDROXYSTEROID DEHYDROGENASES).
Neoplasm derived from displaced cells (rest cells) of the primordial ADRENAL GLANDS, generally in patients with CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA. Adrenal rest tumors have been identified in TESTES; LIVER; and other tissues. They are dependent on ADRENOCORTICOTROPIN for growth and adrenal steroid secretion.
Congenital conditions are those which are present from birth. They include structural deformities or loss of function in organs such as the <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->heart, gut or skeletal system. They can be corrected by <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->surgery, m...
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A diagnostic test is any kind of medical test performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of disease. For example: to diagnose diseases to measure the progress or recovery from disease to confirm that a person is free from disease Clin...