A mystery mass on the placenta.

08:00 EDT 11th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A mystery mass on the placenta."

Chorioangioma or chorangioma is a benign placental tumour which occurs in 1% of the pregnancies. Large lesions of more than 4-5 cm in size, also known as giant chorangiomas, are rare with the incidence of 1:3500 and 1:9000 birth. Unlike small tumours, the giant chorangiomas are highly associated with pregnancy complications. We report a case of multiple large chorangiomas resulting in an extremely preterm delivery. A 24-year-old primigravida presented at 25 weeks of gestation for threatened preterm labour. Transabdominal ultrasound revealed an echogenic mass on the placenta measuring 8.7 × 4.4 cm. Following a successful tocolysis and administration of a course of antenatal corticosteroids, she was discharged home. At 27 weeks of gestation, she developed a second episode of preterm contractions. Besides, the foetus was found to be small for gestational age. In the second episode of preterm contractions, intravenous magnesium sulfate infusion was commenced for foetal neuroprotection. Tocolysis was commenced for severe prematurity. She went into spontaneous preterm labour. Placenta examination revealed multiple solid masses with fleshy and congested dark red surface. A histopathological examination of the placenta confirmed the diagnosis of chorangiomas. The baby was discharged in good condition at 5 months of age. Placental chorangiomas, notably when they are multiple and large in size, are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, close antenatal surveillance is necessary to allow timely recognition and intervention of pregnancy complications. Our case portrays an unexpected favourable neonatal outcome associated with a giant chorangiomas.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Hormone molecular biology and clinical investigation
ISSN: 1868-1891


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A placenta that fails to be expelled after BIRTH of the FETUS. A PLACENTA is retained when the UTERUS fails to contract after the delivery of its content, or when the placenta is abnormally attached to the MYOMETRIUM.

A mass spectrometry technique using two (MS/MS) or more mass analyzers. With two in tandem, the precursor ions are mass-selected by a first mass analyzer, and focused into a collision region where they are then fragmented into product ions which are then characterized by a second mass analyzer. A variety of techniques are used to separate the compounds, ionize them, and introduce them to the first mass analyzer. For example, for in GC-MS/MS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY is involved in separating relatively small compounds by GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY prior to injecting them into an ionization chamber for the mass selection.

An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.

An intrauterine mass containing decidual cells (DECIDUA) or with structures resembling the PLACENTA. Deciduomas usually are induced experimentally.

Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.

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