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Important advances have been made in the field of congenital myopathies in recent years, forcing clinicians to constantly review and update this group of diseases. The increasing identification of new genes and phenotypes associated with already known genes has been possible to a great extent thanks to the development accomplished in next generation sequencing techniques, which are increasingly accessible. Knowing better the phenotypic spectrum of these entities allows to establish a phenotype/genotype correlation in some subgroups. The best understanding of the pathophysiology and natural history of these diseases are fundamental to design new therapies. The first clinical trials in the field of gene therapy are already a reality and are showing positive results, creating a new expectation for patients, families and specialists, which will be reflected in the need to adapt the protocols of care, diagnosis and treatment of some of these entities. It is essential that pediatric neurologists, pediatricians, physiotherapists and other professionals involved in the care of these patients are informed and updated on the advances in this group of diseases.
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Congenital conditions are those which are present from birth. They include structural deformities or loss of function in organs such as the <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->heart, gut or skeletal system. They can be corrected by <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->surgery, m...
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...
Clinical trials are a set of procedures in medical research conducted to allow safety (or more specifically, information about adverse drug reactions and adverse effects of other treatments) and efficacy data to be collected for health interventions (e.g...