Demyelinizing diseases in children. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis.

07:00 EST 1st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Demyelinizing diseases in children. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis."

The two main demyelinating diseases in children are reviewed. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) and multiple sclerosis (MS). For its physiopathological characteristics, probable etiologies, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, evolution, as well as atypical alterations that complicate its diagnosis, the smaller the child is, more study is needed before reaching the diagnosis. The International Study Group of Multiple Pediatric Sclerosis, published the operating definitions for demyelinating diseases acquired from the central nervous system in children: the ADEM is monophasic, polysymptomatic and with encephalopathy. Its duration is up to 3 months, with fluctuating symptoms and magnetic resonance findings. MS is an isolated monofocal or polyfocal syndrome, without encephalopathy. Currently, two different and distinguishable diseases are considered from the onset of symptoms.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Medicina
ISSN: 1669-9106
Pages: 66-70


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