Epilepsias de origen metabólico en el neonato.

07:00 EST 1st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Epilepsias de origen metabólico en el neonato."

Neurometabolic diseases that manifest seizures and epilepsy are a large group of inherited disorders. They can present at any age from the neonatal period to adolescence. The epileptic manifestations can be very varied and, in general, they are epilepsies refractory to antiepileptic drugs. Epileptic phenomenology does not contribute to the diagnosis. The inborn errors of metabolism that respond to the use of cofactors should be known. In acute decompensation, it is essential to provide nutritional, hydroelectrolytic and respiratory support. It is possible that in a few years we can detect the metabolomic profile of these diseases, thus knowing better the diagnosis non-invasively and offering greater therapeutic possibilities for their epilepsy and especially for the underlying disease. We must not forget the transitory metabolic disorders and the electrolyte imbalances within the causes of seizures, especially in the neonatal period, and must be identified and treated early to avoid major damages.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Medicina
ISSN: 1669-9106
Pages: 20-24


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An inherited metabolic disorder caused by deficient enzyme activity in the PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEX, resulting in deficiency of acetyl CoA and reduced synthesis of acetylcholine. Two clinical forms are recognized: neonatal and juvenile. The neonatal form is a relatively common cause of lactic acidosis in the first weeks of life and may also feature an erythematous rash. The juvenile form presents with lactic acidosis, alopecia, intermittent ATAXIA; SEIZURES; and an erythematous rash. (From J Inherit Metab Dis 1996;19(4):452-62) Autosomal recessive and X-linked forms are caused by mutations in the genes for the three different enzyme components of this multisubunit pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. One of the mutations at Xp22.2-p22.1 in the gene for the E1 alpha component of the complex leads to LEIGH DISEASE.

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