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Transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) is widely used in infertility treatment. The size and shape of the ovary and follicles must be measured manually for assessing their physiological status by sonographers. However, this process is extremely time-consuming and operator-dependent. In this study, we propose a novel composite network, namely CR-Unet, to simultaneously segment the ovary and follicles in TVUS. The CR-Unet incorporates the spatial recurrent neural network (RNN) into a plain U-Net. It can effectively learn multi-scale and long-range spatial contexts to combat the challenges of this task, such as the poor image quality, low contrast, boundary ambiguity, and complex anatomy shapes. We further adopt deep supervision strategy to make model training more effective and efficient. In addition, self-supervision is employed to iteratively refine the segmentation results. Experiments on 3204 TVUS images from 219 patients demonstrate the proposed method achieved the best segmentation performance compared to other state-of-the-art methods for both the ovary and follicles, with a Dice Similarity Coefficient (DSC) of 0.912 and 0.858, respectively.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: IEEE journal of biomedical and health informatics
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The discharge of an OVUM from a rupturing follicle in the OVARY.
The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
Supporting cells for the developing female gamete in the OVARY. They are derived from the coelomic epithelial cells of the gonadal ridge. Granulosa cells form a single layer around the OOCYTE in the primordial ovarian follicle and advance to form a multilayered cumulus oophorus surrounding the OVUM in the Graafian follicle. The major functions of granulosa cells include the production of steroids and LH receptors (RECEPTORS, LH).
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
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