From laboratory to industrial scale: A prospective LCA for electrochemical reduction of CO to formic acid.

08:00 EDT 11th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "From laboratory to industrial scale: A prospective LCA for electrochemical reduction of CO to formic acid."

CO-based production technologies unveil the possibility of sustainable production in the chemical industry. However, so-called carbon capture and utilization (CCU) options do not inevitably lead to improved environmental performance, which is especially uncertain for emerging technologies compared to present production practices. Thus far, emerging CCU technologies have been environmentally assessed with conventional life cycle assessment (LCA). Therefore, this study aims to develop a methodology for applying prospective LCA to emerging production technologies from the laboratory to industrial scale. The developed four-step approach for implementing prospective LCA is applied to the case of electrochemical formic acid (FA) production via supercritical CO (scCO) under consideration of different reactor designs to guide process engineers from an environmental standpoint. While using prospective LCA, the underlying modeling approach relies on consequential LCA (cLCA). Fourteen out of the fifteen analyzed impact categories (IC) reveal lower environmental impacts for the scale-ups, which are based on the best-case assumptions and on a flow-through regime compared to the conventional FA production. Nevertheless, the impacts of the scale-ups that are based on a batch reactor (BR) and a three compartment cell (TCC) are higher than for the best case and the flow-through reactor scale-up.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Environmental science & technology
ISSN: 1520-5851


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [16933 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

WO nanosheets rich in oxygen vacancies for enhanced electrocatalytic N reduction to NH.

The Haber-Bosch process for industrial-scale NH3 production suffers from harsh conditions and serious CO2 release. Electrochemical N2 reduction is an alternative approach to synthesize NH3 under ambie...

Electrochemical CO Reduction into Chemical Feedstocks: From Mechanistic Electrocatalysis Models to System Design.

The electrochemical reduction of CO is a promising route to convert intermittent renewable energy to storable fuels and valuable chemical feedstocks. To scale this technology for industrial implementa...

Photoelectrochemical degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid using electrochemically self-doped Blue TiO nanotube arrays with formic acid as electrolyte.

Blue TiO nanotube arrays (Blue-TNTs) were fabricated via an electrochemical reduction method with formic acid as the electrolyte. The optimum reduction conditions were obtained as bias potential of -1...

Non-precious catalyst for three-phase contact in Proton Exchange Membrane CO2 conversion full cell for efficient electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide.

Development of cost-effective and highly efficient electrocatalyst is essential but challenging in order to convert carbon dioxide to value added chemicals at ambient conditions. In the current work, ...

Efficient electrochemical reduction of nitrobenzene by nitrogen doped porous carbon.

Electrochemical reduction process is a promising method for wastewater treatment, and its performance is determined by cathode material. Nitrogen doped carbon is a kind of favorable cathode material f...

Clinical Trials [8360 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Electrochemical Skin Conductance in Evaluation of Chronic Neuropathy électrochimique cutanée

Use of cutaneous electrochemical conductance for preclinical screening of small-caliber nerve fibers

DECODING Study (Dermal Electrochemical Conductance in Diabetic Neuropathy)

Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of polyneuropathy in the Western world. Diabetic neuropathy is a frequent complication of diabetes and may have great clinical transcendence due to p...

PECO Air Purification in Hospital Rooms to Improve Health Outcomes for Pediatric Respiratory Distress

This study will investigate the efficacy of a novel air purification technology, Photo Electrochemical Oxidation (PECO), has on pediatric patients hospitalized for respiratory distress. Th...

Electrochemical Behavior of Biomedical Alloys Exposed to Human Synovial Fluid

Biomedical implant metals are reactive when in contact with body fluids. Some reactions may adverse the biocompatibility character of the material and should be studied. This can be achiev...

Molekule for Allergic Rhinitis/Asthma

Exposure to airborne allergens and pollutants is linked to symptom severity of allergies, asthma and other respiratory problems. In this study an air purifier using photo-electrochemical o...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

ESTER derivatives of formic acid with the formula H-COO-R.

A scanning probe microscopy technique that uses an ultramicroelectrode as the scanning probe that simultaneously records changes in electrochemical potential as it scans thereby creating topographical images with localized electrochemical information.

The commission charged with evaluating issues and factors which affect the implementation of the PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEM.

A dye that has been used as an industrial dye, a laboratory indicator, and a biological stain.

Application of principles and practices of engineering science to the transformation, design, and manufacture of substances on an industrial scale.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article