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Many insect pests rely on microbial symbionts to obtain nutrients or for defence, thereby allowing them to exploit novel food sources and degrade environmental xenobiotics including pesticides. Although Lepidoptera is one of the most diverse insect taxa and includes important agricultural pests, their microbiotas have not been studied much, particularly functional traits. Here, we provide a comprehensive characterization of the gut microbiota across multiple mulberry-feeding lepidopteran species, resolving both community structure and metabolic potential.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pest management science
Body size correlates with most structural and functional components of an organism's phenotype - brain size being a prime example of allometric scaling with animal size. Therefore, comparative studies...
Animals need to perceive their own body size to apprehend their relationship to the environment. A new study shows that the fruit fly Drosophila acquires the requisite information on its body size fro...
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) deposition has a strong association with aspects of metabolic dysfunction, including obesity. The size of the EAT adipocytes in relation to obesity, however, has rarely...
Metformin beneficially impacts several aspects of metabolic syndrome including dysglycemia, obesity and liver dysfunction, thus making it a widely used front line treatment for early-stage type 2 diab...
Human microbiota are colonies of microorganisms located in different parts of the human body with diverse functions. Healthy gut microbiota comprises differing ratios of microoganisms wholly contribut...
There is growing evidence that nutritional intervention with dietary polyphenols can positively modulate the gut microbiota to improve cardiometabolic health. Whether the beneficial effect...
Many provinces in Indonesia have some well known traditional foods that are widely consumed, but it remains unknown whether traditional ethnic dietary patterns can confirm healthy diets. H...
The objective of this trial is to study the effect of targeting the gut microbiota in patients with heart failure (HF). First, the investigators will characterize gut microbiota compositio...
The primary objective is to contrast the degree to which increased consumption of dietary fiber vs. probiotics can increase microbiota diversity and can impact microbiota production of sho...
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a condition where accumulation of fat in the liver leads to metabolic dysfunction. Currently there are no approved treatments for NAFLD. Part o...
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Recording of regional electrophysiological information by analysis of surface potentials to give a complete picture of the effects of the currents from the heart on the body surface. It has been applied to the diagnosis of old inferior myocardial infarction, localization of the bypass pathway in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, recognition of ventricular hypertrophy, estimation of the size of a myocardial infarct, and the effects of different interventions designed to reduce infarct size. The limiting factor at present is the complexity of the recording and analysis, which requires 100 or more electrodes, sophisticated instrumentation, and dedicated personnel. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed)
Transfer of GASTROINTESTINAL MICROBIOTA from one individual to another by infusion of donor FECES to the upper or lower GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT of the recipient.
The full collection of microbes (bacteria, fungi, virus, etc.) that naturally exist within a particular biological niche such as an organism, soil, a body of water, etc.
The physical measurements of a body.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...